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'Highways Book Vol. 2'.

Filed copies of public notices declaring streets highways repairable by the inhabitants at large, on completion of private street works.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

City of Norwich Records

  • NCR
  • Fonds
  • nd [c 1158]-1974

The records of the pre-1835 unreformed Corporation. Some series were continued after 1835. This archive also includes medieval and early-modern records relating to the Great Hospital charity, previously known as God's House, and before 1547, called St Giles' Hospital.

The following notes are adapted from the introduction to W.H. Hudson and J.C. Tingey 'Revised Catalogue of the Records of the City of Norwich, as arranged in the Muniment Room, in the Castle Museum' (1898) section V - Successive Changes in the constitution of the City Government:

A short summary of these is added for the better understanding of the documents.

1 A copy of the account of Norwich in the Conqueror's 'Domesday Book' is in Case 8a. Neither it, nor the Charter of Henry II contains any direct reference to methods of government. The burgh was part of the ancient Demesne of the Crown, and would no doubt be governed by a Reeve (Prepositus, Provost) appointed by the King, and subordinate to the Earl or Sheriff or Constable of the King's Castle. There are no other documents of this period.

2 In 1194, by the Charter of King Richard I, the citizens obtained a grant of the city at a fee-farm (or fixed rent) of £108. They gained the right of choosing their own Reeve and retaining the tolls, rents, fees, fines of court, and other profits of city business. It is probable that at this time the four well-known geographical divisions of the City were organised as four administrative districts called the, 'four Leets of Conesford, Mancroft, Wymer, and Ultra Aquam' (Over-the-Water). This period lasted till 1223, but no contemporary records are preserved, except King Richard's Charter.

3 In 1223, instead of one Reeve, the executive headship of the City was vested in four Bailiffs who were elected by the Freemen of the four Leets, one for each Leet. They conjointly (a) presided over the Leet Courts, or Courts for the presentment of petty offences and their punishment by amercement under the Frank Pledge or Tithing system (Leet Rolls, NCR 5); (b) presided in the City Court to receive recognizances (Enrolments and Deeds, NCR 1 to 4); or hear Pleas (NCR 8); (c) presided over the City Assembly; and (d) they were responsible to the King for all moneys due to him (Estreat Rolls, Pipe Rolls, NCR 7). The receipts and expenditure of the Commonalty were in the hands of two Chamberlains (Account Rolls, NCR 7 and books, NCR 18). The Government of the City during this period, which lasted till 1404, may best be described as communal. It rested entirely on the resolutions of the Assembly, at whose deliberations (in theory) every admitted citizen (not every inhabitant) had a right to attend and take part. It admitted 'foreigners' to the 'freedom,' appointed committees to assess rates or taxes, and carry out all public business, and appointed 'burgesses' to attend Parliament. For public convenience, a custom arose in the 14th century of electing annually '24 citizens' who were specially bound to attend assemblies, but not to the exclusion of other citizens. In 1378, they were officially recognised as a 'Council' of the Bailiffs.

4 In 1404, by a Charter of King Henry IV, the form of government was again altered, the City was established as a County in its own right, and in place of the four Bailiffs were instituted a Mayor and two Sheriffs, the 24 citizens becoming the 'Mayor's Council.' A consequent period of unsettlement resulted soon afterwards in the institution of a representative Common Council of 60 citizens annually elected to attend assemblies (to the exclusion of all others.) At the same time the '24 citizens' became the '24 Aldermen' elected for life. Furthermore, the Aldermen became Justices of the Peace, or Borough Magistrates. These various changes were really the result of underlying influences and conflicting interests, which were at work almost from the middle of the 14th to the middle of the 15th century, and were not finally completed till the Charter of King Henry VI in 1452. From that time the form of Government continued to be by a representative Council, and under the control of a permanent magistracy, until 1835.

The records of this long period are to be found throughout the whole collection. As the various modes of procedure became so much more assimilated to modern practice, it is unnecessary to draw special attention to any of them. It may be observed that, because of the early establishment in Norwich of a strong central authority to which everything else was subordinate, there was no Gild Merchant and there are few records of the proceedings of Trade Gilds. The Gild of St George may be called at first a religious, and afterwards a social, department of the City government.

By an Act of 5 & 6 William IV [1835-6], entitled, 'An Act to provide for the regulation of Municipal Corporations in England and Wales', the title of the corporate body of Norwich was changed from, 'The Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens and Commonalty of Norwich' to that of, 'The Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses of the Borough of Norwich'.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

Folio books of the proceedings of the municipal Assembly

These contain the engrossments or fair copies of the minutes entered in the Assembly draft minute books at NCR 16c. They are not identical copies of the draft minutes, and users should consult both series to be sure of ascertaining the full record for any particular meeting. They record the minutes of the quarterly and special meetings of the Assembly of aldermen and common council together. Meetings are often headed as the first, second, third, etc. of a particular mayor's year of office, but others are termed as being general, or merely, common assemblies. The 'General' assemblies comprised representatives of all the citizens, freemen and inhabitants of each great ward, usually meeting on consecutive days in March to elect new common councilmen for their wards.

The content is varied, but includes the admission of freemen, the regular reference to the election of aldermen, common councillors and officers (at quarterly assemblies), the issuing of ordinances concerning trade regulation, gilds, the market and the retail of (often scarce) staple foodstuffs, the use of public buildings and the regulation of private ones. Frequent reference to the sealing of leases of city properties are also to be found in these volumes. The early seventeenth-century minutes saw the regular appearance of the committee called, the 'chamberlain's council' (dealing with the admission of freemen) but most other committees were at that time, ad hoc bodies, dealing with specific issues as they arose. The next two centuries witnessed the growth of administration and reporting through the use of permanent committees and by the early nineteenth century, the minutes were dominated by the reports of various standing committees. These were at that time, the chamberlain's council, the hospital committee (dealing with the regulation of the Great Hospital and of other city charities), city committee, market committee, tonnage committee, river and street committee, assembly bond committee, coal committee, cattle market committee and a library committee.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

'Liber Albus', a register of 'material evidences and memorable occurances', alternatively referred to as 'Liber Cartarum' (the Book of Charters) and 'Liber Pergamenus' (Parchment Book)

Containing, initially 15th-century, copies of original documents dated 1194-1638, being charters, writs, disputes between Citizens and Abbot of St Benet regarding the New Mills, leases and grants of city properties, subsidy assessments, trade and craft regulations, city officers' oaths, etc.
References to vol. I, II, print or copied refer to Hudson and Tingey's, 'Records of the City of Norwich'.
Antiquary, Francis Blomefield's crossed-circle mark appears throughout this volume, and on the inside front cover with his initials and the date, MDCCXLI [1741].
A loose paper folio at the front of the volume bears a capital letter 'C' and the words, 'Albo Libro' in a late 15-early 16th century hand.

Medieval contents written in Latin and post-1540 texts in English unless otherwise indicated.

On the first parchment folios is a note of the production of this book to the court in the Exchequer suit between Robert Cubit, querent, and John Pitcher and others, 10 October 1704. On the verso of this folio is a rubric, contemporary with the creation of this volume, stating, in Latin, that, 'This book was compiled in the time of Thomas Ingham, Mayor of the City of Norwich A.D. 1426'.

Then follow six folios of a medieval Calendar (in red, blue and black inks) containing references to the parts of the months (Kalends, Nones, Ides), chief festivals, saints day throughout the year. Some of the names have been intentionally erased at the time of the Reformation, and, in August, are added two, 16th-century, notes re the Earl of Warwick's entry to Norwich and defeat of Kett's rebels in 1549.

Then five folios of an incomplete list of contents for ff 1-185, with folio numbers in the original rubric, but with descriptions written in various hands and at various dates.
Kept in the council chamber at the Guildhall.

f. 1 Letters Patent: exemplification by Henry IV at the petition of the bakers of Norwich of previous charters concerning the Assize of Bread and Ale, 5 February 1400 (Copied).
ff. 1d-2 Confirmation for John, Duke of Lancaster and Blanch his wife, of the Liberties of the Duchy of Lancaster, 1364.
f. 2d Prohibition for Thomas, Duke of Exeter, Admiral of England and Ireland, to hold the plea of W. Asshewell vs R. Moneslee, merchants of Norwich in the Court of Admiralty, 1429.
f. 2d Extract from an ordinance of Edward III touching the Assize of Victuals. (French)
f. 3 Punishments to be inflicted on forestallers.
Copies of Deeds and Indentures
f. 3 The Bailiffs and Commonalty grant to John Gyssyng an island in the river for an annual rent of 7s. with ½d. landgable, 45 Ed III [1371].
f. 3d The Bailiffs and Commonalty lease to Alan de Baketon an open piece of ground without Conesford Gates for an annual rent of 2s., 24 Ed I [1296].
f. 3d The Bailiffs and Commonalty lease to Thomas de Byntre and another, a common lime kiln without Conesford Gates, 15 Ed II [1322].
f. 4 Silvester, rector of Heigham, grants to the Bailiffs and Commonalty part of a messuage and garden in St Benedicts, 13 Ed III [1339].
f. 4 The Bailiffs and Commonalty grant to Robert Papingeay a tenement in St Mary in the Marsh, 46 Ed III [1372].
f. 4d The Bailiffs and Commonalty appoint Walter de Moutone to collect rents at Fybridge and to keep the same in repair, 11 Ed I [1283]. Walter de Moutone agrees to perform the above duties. (Vol. I)
f. 5 The Bailiffs and Commonalty grant to Robert Bendiste an open piece of ground in St Peter Mancroft, 16 Sep 23 Ed III [1349].
f. 5 The Bailiffs and Commonalty abate a rent of 12d. due from Richard Thressherie for a messuage in St Michael of Coslany by one half, 35 Ed III [1361].
f. 5d Robert le Valiaunt grants to William de Colton a rent of 4s. from a messuage in St Gregory, 29 Ed I [1301].
f. 5d John Brown, the Dean, and the Convent of St Mary in the Fields, grant to the Bailiffs and Commonalty a portion of a lane in St Peter Mancroft, 46 Ed III [1383].
f. 6 The Bailiffs and Commonalty grant to the Chancellor of St Mary in the Fields a piece of ground in St Peter Mancroft, 48 Ed III [1374].
f. 6 The Bailiffs and Commonalty grant to Robert de Mortuo Mari and his wife part of a common lane (in All Saints at Timmermarket) at a rent of 10d., 46 ED III [1375].
f. 6d The Bailiffs and Commonalty demise to John Emmelot, eight cottages in St Mary-in-the-Marsh at a rent of 10s., 20 Ed III [1346].
f. 6d Margaret, daughter of Robert Hacun, grants to Thomas de Saxlingham, a messuage in the township of Trows, in the parish of Karhowe, 8 Ed I [1280].
f. 7 The Bailiffs and Commonalty demise to William, son of William But, a piece of meadow in St Martin of Coslanye, near the Chalke mille for a rent of 12d., 1 Ed III [1327].
f. 7d Copy of the composition between the Prioress of Carhowe and the Bailiffs and Commonalty, concerning the leet of Newgate Parva, 19 Ed I [1290] (Copied).
f. 7d William de Aschefelde releases to the Bailiffs and Commonalty a house and ground at Berstrete Gates, 33 Ed I [1305].
f. 8 John Fairchild grants to the Commonalty a rent of 6d. from his capital messuage in St Andrew, 12 Ed III [1338].
f. 8 The Bailiffs and Commonalty grant to Adam Baas part of the common land in St Olave for 1d. rent, 46 Ed III [1372].
f. 8d Bartholomew de Appilyerd and others grant to Hugh de Holand rents to the value of 60s. issuing from property in St Peter Mancroft and St Gregory, 6 March 1 Rich II [1378]; Hugh de Holande and others grant to Nicholas de Blakeney Bartholomew Appilyerd and others property in St Peter Mancroft and St Gregory, 2 Rich II [1378]. These relate to the Common Inn, see Blomefield, vol. IV, p.227.
f. 9 Alexander de Derham grants to the Commonalty of Norwich a lane in Nether Conesforde, 32 Ed III [1358].
f. 9 Bartholomew de Heylisdon agrees with Geoffrey Tymer concerning a rent of 12d. due from them to the Bailiffs and Commonalty for the repair of Coselanye Bridge, 15 Ed III [1341].
f. 9d Katerine, the widow, and the executors of Reginald Pope release to the Commonalty a messuage in St James, 20 Ed III [1327].
ff. 9d-10 The Abbot and Convent of Wendelingg demise to the Bailiffs and Commonalty a messuage with a quay, in Conesford, the advowson of the Church of St Clement and other property for 600 years, for a rent of 13s. 4d., 1398.
f. 10d Hugh de Holand grants to Bartholomew de Appilyerd and others a messuage in St Clement in Conesford, and the advowson of the Church, 2 Rich II [1379].
f. 10d Ralph de Neketon and another grant to Thomas Spink and others sufficient ground for building a wall between their messuage in St Etheldred and the Common Staith, 1 July 14 Rich II [1390].
f. 11 Richard de Lyng, parson of Redham and others, grant to the Commonalty a piece of land at Barreyates (Bargates), 19 Ed III [1345].
f. 11 Robert de Willeby grants to William Bateman and John his son five acres of land in the fields of the suburb of Norwich by Magdalen in the parish of St Clement of Fybriggate. And also 8s. 0½d. rent from divers lands there (described), 18 Ed II [1325].
f. 11d Convention between the Bailiffs of Norwich and the woad merchants of Amiens and Corby, 1286.
f. 12 The prior and convent of Norwich submit themselves to the decision of the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of Ely respecting their disputes with the City, 1273.
f. 12 Precept of Henry III to Symon, Prior of Norwich that he permit the citizens to have a common fishery.
f. 12d Precept of Henry III to Symon, Prior of Norwich, that he observe the fine levied in the reign of King John, between William, then prior, and the Citizens.
f. 12d Final concord between William, Prior of Norwich, petens, and the citizens of Norwich, tenentes, concerning the common pasturage in Lakenham and Eaton, 6 John [1205]. (Town Close Evidences p. 4.)
f. 12d The name of the witnesses agreed upon by the Prior and Burgesses.

NB All the evidences on f 12 are copied in a formal hand, in contrast to both the early 'cursiva' documentary hand of preceeding entries and the current, 'gothic' documentary hands of immediately subsequent entries.

f. 13 William Blakehoumour grants to Henry Lomynour, John Daniels, and others, a moiety of a messuage, shops, lime kilns, etc., in St Edward and St Peter Southgate, 1 Hen IV [1400].
f. 13 Geoffrey Bixton grants to John Danyell and Henry Lomynour, and another, the moiety of a messuage, which he and William Blakhomour purchased of Hugh Holond, for the repair of the river bank, 9 Hen IV [1408].
f. 13 John Danyell grants to Walter Danyell and Robert Brasyere, the messuage with shops, lime kilns, etc., formerly Hugh Holand's in St Edward and St Peter Southgate, 6 October 3 Hen IV [1415].
f. 13d Robert Brasyere grants to William Sedman and many others the above property, 2 Nov 8 Hen VI [1429].
f. 13d Acquittance for the Mayor and Commonalty from John Storme, executor of Geoffrey de Bixton, 3 Jan 8 Hen VI [1430].
f. 13d John Hornyngeserthe releases to the Mayor and Commonalty a tenement with a tavern, formerly John Spink's in St Peter Mancroft, 14 Jan 8 Hen VI [1430].
f. 14 John Selot and others, executors of John Gilbert, sometime Mayor, agree with John But, the present Mayor, and the Commonalty to expend the sum of £30 in repairing Bishoppe's Brigge, 3 May 12 Ed IV [1472]. (English)
ff. 14d-20 Indenture of agreement between the Prior and Convent of Norwich, and the Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens and Commonalty made under the order of Thomas, Lord Cardinal, 26 Aug 1524. Copied in a later 'secretary-hand' script. (English)
ff. 20-21r Copy of the grant of William, Bishop of Norwich, Nicholas Shaxton, master or warden of St Giles' Hospital, and the brethren, to King Edward VI of the hospital with all its possessions in Norwich and in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex, 6 March 1547.
ff. 21d-22 Blank.
f. 22d Letters Patent of Edward III. Mandamus for the Mayor and Sheriffs of London that the citizens of Norwich are free of Toll throughout the realm, 20 Feb 51 Ed III [1377].
f. 22d Letters Patent of Richard II. Precept for the Mayor and Bailiffs of Lynn with the like purport, 27 Feb 1 Rich II [1378.] (Copied)
f. 22d Letters Patent of Richard II for the Bailiffs of Yarmouth, 27 Feb 1 Rich II [1378].
f. 23 Extracts from the books in the Guild Hall Chamber in London.
f. 23 The Sheriffs of London summoned in the Guild Hall Court of London to answer the Citizens of Norwich on the plea of trespass about tolls, 29 Ed I [1301]. (Copied Print)
f. 23 Letters Patent of Edward III as on the preceding folio.
f. 23 The Citizens of Norwich declare to the Mayor and Aldermen of London that they are free of murage dues, 14 Ed III [1340]. Their plea is accepted. (Copied)
f. 23d Charter of 5 May 5 Richard I, 1194. The scribe has erroneously named the King, Edward.
f. 23d Another copy, with the correct king's name entered. After this is a memorandum of the reading and 'allowing' of this charter in the presence of John Wroth, Mayor of London, and entered in the Guild Hall Chamber in Book G., f.88, 18 Feb 34 Ed III [1361].
f. 24 Charter of 12 September 1 John, [1199].
f. 24 Charter of Henry II, nd.
f. 24d Charter of 13 Feb 13 Hen III [1229].
ff. 25-28d Charter of 15 Feb 3 Rich II [1386].
ff. 29-36d Charter of 21 July 5 Hen V [1417].
ff. 36d-38r Charter of Inspeximus of Richard II for the Citizens of London, nd
f. 38 Writ of Henry VI addressed to all Sheriffs, Mayors, etc., notifying that the Citizens of Norwich as of ancient demesne are free of all tolls, 21 Dec 12 Hen VI [1433] (Print Copied).
f. 38d Four lines apparently a continuation of Richard II's Charter to the Citizens of London, see f.38.
f. 38d Royal proclamation for the true working and dyeing of Cloth, 1613 (Copied). (English)
f. 39 Royal proclamation that all woollen clothes and stuffs made or mixed with wool, and brought to London to be sold or transported be first brought to Blackwell Hall there to be searched, 1638 (Copied). (English)
f. 39 Petition of the Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens, and Commonalty of Norwich against the last Proclamation, 1638 (Copied). (English)
ff. 39d-40r Petition granted at the Court at Whitehall, naming those present, 1638. (English)
f. 40d Blank.
ff. 41-43 Charter of 12 Feb 1 Ed IV [1462].
f. 43d Blank.
f. 44 Indenture by which the Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens and Commonalty demise to Robert Redying a marsh called the Towndikes near Barregates for a rent of 2s. 4d. reserving power to distrain in the said marsh and in a tenement of the said Robert in St James, 1 Hen VII [1486].
f. 44d Copy of a deed annexed to the above indenture; Nicholas Cabill and others grant to Robert Redying and others a tenement and garden in St James, 19 Ed IV [1479].
ff. 45-45d Divers memoranda that Carrow is parcel of the City.
ff. 45-45d Petition of the Citizens to Edward I to be excused payment of £6 of the Fee Farm Rent on account of the removal of the moneyers, and 25s. of the same, which sum the nuns of Carrow receive. (Copied)
ff. 45-45d Mandamus from the King granting the allowance and arrears.
ff. 45-45d Petition of the Citizens to be excused the arrears, c 1280.
ff. 45-45d Exemplification by Henry VIII of the great roll of the Exchequer, temp. Henry III, relating to the above, 1544.
f. 45d Memorandum of the sums received by Nicholas de le Bothe for goods of the citizens sold after they burnt the Priory, 1281.
ff. 45d-47d Composition between William Worstede, Prior, and the Convent of Norwich, and the Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens, and Commonalty in the Mayoralty of Robert Baxtere, 21 Dec 1429.
Table of Contents: Unde sigillum dicte Communitatis Norwici monachi, etc., non habent, etc.
ff. 48-49d Copy of proceedings re an action for debt and the subsequent rescue of Thomas Dallyng, who was arrested in Holmstrete in 1439 by the Sheriff of Norfolk, 4 May 19 Hen VI [1441].
f. 50 Inspeximus of the Crown Plea Roll 26 Henry VI concerning the restitution of the liberties (incomplete).
ff. 50d-51d Blank.
ff. 52-53 Inspeximus by letters patent of a petition proposing the regulation of worsted weavers in Norwich and of parliament's assent, 8 November 7 Ed IV [1467]. (Mainly English)
ff. 53-53d Agreement with the Mayor and Commonalty that the Master and Brethren of St Giles' Hospital should find a chaplain to serve St Barbara's Chapel in the Guild Hall, 3 May 1472.
f. 54 The Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, Citizens, and Commonalty grant to John Cales and another a vacant piece of ground in St Lawrence, 20 April 37 Hen VI [1459].
f. 54 The Mayor, Sheriffs, and Commonalty grant to Andrew Waleys, his wife, and others, a vacant piece of ground in St Benedict, 30 May 1 Edward V [1483].
f. 54d Charter of Edward IV, granting to the Citizens two free markets each year, 11 Nov 22 Ed IV [1482].
ff. 55-55d Charter of Henry VI to the Citizens confirmed by Edward IV, 1462.
ff. 56-56d Issue of a plea against the Citizens between Walter Ingham, querent, and Robert Bulle and Margaret Coteler, with judgment concerning the right of the citizens to plead in Norwich only, to the great profit of the city, 1481.
f. 57 Petition of Parliament to the King, viz. That he establish the ordinance for Tanners and Couriers, made in 2 Henry VI, throughout the realm, nd. (English)
ff. 57d-58 Indenture by which the Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens, and Commonalty demise to John Newman, the 'Lordes Taverne' in St Peter Mancroft, 1489.
f. 58d Blank.
ff. 59-59d Inspeximus by Henry VII of an Act of Parliament releasing the citizens of Norwich from the statute of Apprentices, 5 Henry IV, and appointing ordinances for worsted shermen [shearers], 20 January 11 Hen VII [1496] (Print).(English)
ff. 60-62 Inspeximus by Edward IV 20 November 2 Ed IV [1462] with notes of the evidence of the Prior's charters in the Confirmation of Edward IV re authority over Bracondale and Trows Mill (Vol. I). (Latin and English)
ff. 62d-64 Memoranda of the disputes with the Prior and Convent in the reigns of Henry III and Edward I. (English)
ff. 64d-65d Blank.
ff. 66-91 A long record, with copies of letters patent, petitions, complaints and responses re the disputes between the Citizens and the Abbot of St Benet concerning the New Mills. Thomas Wetherby being hindered in his attempt to overrule the appointment of Mayor and other officers, stirred up the Abbot to allege that his property at Heigham had been damaged by the erection of the Mills. By his procurement an Award of the Earl of Suffolk was given against the Citizens obliging them to sign a Bond of £100 to the Abbot in default of obedience. The citizens refusing, Wetherby and the Abbot preferred a charge of rebellion against the king, and by their connivance the Mayor was arrested in London and imprisoned in the Flete. During his imprisonment, Wetherby and others seized the Common Seal and signed this and other bonds, and destroyed the Mills. The City liberties were forfeited for four years, and restored in 1447 by the Letters Patent here recorded. The Mills being rebuilt in the reign of Edward IV, the Abbot sued the City for damages, alleging the bond to have been lawfully signed. The Citizens denied its legality, since their lawful Mayor was at the time in prison. The decision of the Judges at Westminster was unanimously in favour of the City. The Abbot thereupon desisted from this and other claims. c 1482. (Vol I) (English and Latin)
ff. 91d-92d Blank.
ff. 92d-94 Inspeximus by Henry VII of the Act of Resumption 8 Edward IV, 21 May 5 Hen VII [1490]. (English)
ff. 94d-97d The Ordinances of the worsted weavers confirmed by the King's Chancellor and Treasurer, 17 May 4 Hen VIII [1512] with a note of their enrolment before the mayor and common clerk, 10 July 4 Hen VIII [1512] (English).
ff. 96d-97d Sanction of the charter of Richard I in the City of London, discharging the citizens of Norwich from Balliage claimed from them by the City of London, 21 Oct 1512. (English)
f. 98 Memorandum of the City's discharge from homage and fealty to be made in the Exchequer for the possessions of the Black Friars, 1549.
f. 98d Three deeds relating to Butler hills purchased of the Prioress and Nuns of Carrowe: Grant by Nicholas de Berstrete to Sibrande Prat, nd; Release by Hubert Hoo and others to the Prioress, nd; Grant by Anna, daughter of Sibrana Pratt, to the Church of Carrow in frank almoigne, nd. (All Latin)
f. 99 Blank.
ff. 90d-100d Charter of King Edward IV for his minstrels, 24 Apr 9 Ed IV [1469].
f. 101 Extracts from Charters granted to the City of London, viz., Richard I, Henry III, Richard II.
f. 101d Precept to the Sheriffs of Norwich to enquire whether a certain butt of Malmesey wine was foreign bought and sold, 1563. (Latin)
f. 102 Protest from the Mayor of London re the butt of Malmesey 1564. (Latin)
ff. 102d-103d The union of St Vedast to the parish of St Peter Per Mountergate, 1564.
ff. 104-105d The Charter whereby the 'Prior and Munks of Christechurche ar changed from the Munkish state into a Deane & Chapter, and so made seculer prestes & alterd their Cotes', 1538. [The names of the monks are given]. (Latin)
f. 106 The Dean and Chapter give the Church and all the possessions thereunto belonging to Edward VI, 1547. (Latin)
ff. 106d-108 The Church granted to the Dean and Chapter by a new foundation of Edward VI, 1547. (Latin)
ff. 108-113d The land and possessions granted again to the Dean and Chapter by Edward VI, 1547. (Latin)
f. 114 A decree made by the Lords of the Council between London and Norwich about the sale of goods, 1578. [Top outer corner of folio excised]
f. 114d Licence in mortmain for the Mayor, Sheriffs, etc. to acquire real property of the value of £200 per annum, 1595. (Latin)
ff. 115-118r The contention about choosing William Peters for an Alderman and the election of George Downinge, 1596.
f. 118d Memorandum of the manner of choosing an Alderman in London, nd. [c 1596]
f. 119 Blank.
f. 119d Letters Patent of James I appointing Thomas Oglethorpe to be Guide of St Stephen's Hospital, 1604.
f. 119d Assignment of the office by Thomas Oglethorpe to Josua Atkynson, 1616.
f. 120 Cut out.
ff. 121-123 A description of the controversy between the English citizens of Norwich and the Dutch strangers, 1613.
f. 124 An account of the contention between the Prior and the City, 1489. (English and Latin)
ff. 124d-125 The indictment of the Coroners and others sitting upon the view of a man crushed to death in the clay pit outside St Stephen's Gates, 1490-1491.
ff. 125d-126 Exemplification of Domesday Book for the purpose of showing that the Priory, Rotonrowe, and Holmstrete were never in the Hundred of Blofield, 1490.
f. 126d Blank.
ff. 127-130d An account of the foundation of the Cathedral and of the burning of the same and divers other controversies in the reign of Edward I.
ff. 131-131d A plea between the Prior and William Herde, of Norwich, shearman, about Eaton rabbit warren, 1508.
f. 132 Memoranda of proceedings in the Guild Hall Court of London relating to two casks of French wine foreign bought and sold; and how forfeit is to be paid, 1552. (Latin)
ff. 132d-133 Royal Grant of Magdalen Fair to Sir Robert Southwell and John Corbett, 1548. (Latin)
f. 133d Grant by Sir John Borne and another to Robert Woode of the tithes of St Clement at Fibridge, 1554. (Latin)
ff. 134-134d Grant of the same by Robert Woode to Roger Cockson, Rector of St Clement, and his successors, 1558. (Latin)
ff. 135-135d Two charters showing that a certain piece of land outside St Stephen's Gates is in the suburb of Norwich: Grant by Richard Brasyer and another to John Selot and others, 26 Hen VI [1457] and a Grant by John Gylbart and others, to Walter, Bishop of Norwich and others, 38 Hen VI [1459].
ff. 136-139 Account of the proceedings against Henry Youngs and William Bowles for contempt of the Mayor's Court, 1576. With two writs of precendendo (pinned to f 136) against Bowles and Youngs.
ff. 139d-140 A statement of all legal and administrative fees normally paid to the Town Clerk, addressed to the Lord Privy Seal and other Commissioners for Inquiry of Exacted Fees and Innovation in Office, 1633.
f. 140d Blank.
f. 141 Letter from the Mayor of Faversham and Barons of the Cinque Ports requesting that Michael Pyxe be allowed free passage, 1577. (Latin)
ff. 141d-142r A letter of similar purport from the Mayor and Jurats of Sandwich for Peter Wilkinson, 1581.
f. 142d Letter from the Lords of the Privy Council concerning members of the French Congregation obligations to pay towards English ministers in Norwich, July 1621.
f. 143-144r Copy reply to the above letter by the Bishop and Mayor of Norwich, September 1621
f. 144-145r Order of the Lords of the Privy Council concerning the disposition of dissenting members of the French congregation in Norwich , October 1621.
f. 145d Letter from Norwich's 'agent' in London, Mr Birch, stating that the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London have their voices in passing of leases, making of acts, etc., 1628.
f. 146 Blank.
f. 146d Enfranchisement for Thomas Gawdye of his copyhold lands in Mendham, Metfeld, and Wedysdale by the Prior of Mendham, 12 March 10 Hen VIII [1524].
f. 147 Precept to the Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk to distrain from the tenents of the Hospital of St Paul, 5 Feb 55 Hen III [1271].
f. 147d Writ from King Henry VII to the Sheriffs ordering them to appear at Westminster with the fee farm rent, etc, nd
f. 148 Copy of the Charter of Edward III granting the Castle Fee to the City, 9 August 19 Ed III [1345].
ff. 148d-150d Inspeximus of the composition between the Prior and the Citizens by Edward I, 4 Dec 35 Ed I [1306].
f. 151 Citizens empanelled to appear before the Marshals of the King's household are discharged upon showing the charter of Henry IV, nd.
f. 151 Citizens discharged by the same charter from answering before the Marshals for a battery done in the verge, 1406.
ff. 152-156 Ordinances for the election of officers? The first Composition? Probably the same as the following, i.e., the New Composition. [Folios almost blank with text almost completely expunged.]
ff. 157-160 The New Composition between the Citizens making provision for the government of the City, 1415. See Town Close Evidences p.67. (English)
f. 160d-164 Ordinances for Crafts made in the reign of Henry VI, 1449. [See also an incomplete copy of the ordinances in the memoranda of mercers' assemblies, NCR 10c/1] (English)
ff. 164-166d, 169-170d New Ordinances for crafts, 1543. (English)
ff. 167-168d Letter announcing the betrothal of the King's daughter, and demand for the aid, 1508.
f. 171 excised
f. 172 The days appointed to the Occupations for keeping the day of their patron Saint, 1543. [Text partly obscured by an ink smudge at the foot.] (English)
f. 172d The order of the procession of Occupations on Corpus Christi Day, nd. (English)
f. 173 The Task [subsidy tax] totals of the several wards and hamlets in the City, nd.[Copied in a late 16th century hand.]
ff. 173d-175 Blank.
f. 175d The Proclamation of the Free Fair held at Tombland on the Saturday next before Pentecost, temp. Elizabeth. (English)
f. 176 The oath of the Attorneys in the Sheriffs' Court. (English)
f. 176 The oath of the Strangers Goldsmiths. (English)
f. 176d A Royal Proclamation about the export of woollen goods, 11 April 1 Hen ?VII [?1486]
f. 176d The Fifteenths and Tenths (Lay Subsidy) levied in 1537 apportioned among the several wards, 1537.
f. 177 Allocation of the city walls among the twelve wards for repairs, 20 August 21 Ed IV [1481]. (English)
f. 177d Receipt from the King's Commissioner for the payment of a fifteenth and tenth showing the amounts collected in each ward, 1475.
f. 177d The amount of a fifteenth and tenth in 1497.
ff. 178-178d Letters Patent for the Mayor, Sheriffs, and others, ordering them to make an assessment for a subsidy, 12 April 9 Hen VI [1431].
ff. 179-179d Inquiries re the Subsidy assessments of the Prior of Norwich, William Sedman, Thomas Ingham, William Grey, and John Alderford for their property in Norwich, 1431.

The following pages appear to have been bound in wrong order. The folio numbered 180 in black ink (all other folio numbers are in red ink) should be 186 at the end of the book. The folios properly numbered 180-183 are bound after 185, but should follow after 179. In this list of contents they have been entered in their correct order so as to preserve the sequence of subjects.

ff. 180-182r Return of the Commissioners for collecting a tax of fifteenths and tenths in Norfolk and Norwich, 1430. The ward assessments for the city and parish assessments of the hundreds of Humbleyard, Taverham, Blofield, and Hensted are given, along with memoranda re collection and allowances.
All the following charges are written in mid-late 15th century English.
f. 182 The Charge of the Masters of Crafts (cancelled).
f. 182d The Mayor's Charge of the Mayorality.
f. 182d The Recorder's Oath.
f. 182d The Charge for the Mayor's Sergeants (Vol. I).
f. 182d The Oath of the Common Speaker.
f. 183 The Mayor's Charge for the Escheatry.
f. 183 The Mayor's Proclamation.
f. 183d The Sheriffs' Charge.
f. 183d The Constable's Charge, with a remnant of another parchment originally sewn to the folio edge.
f. 184 The Charge of the Masters of Crafts (Vol. II).
f. 184 The Charge of the Common Clerk (Vol. II).
f. 184 The Charge of the Common Sergeant.
f. 184d The Treasurer's Charge.
f. 184d The Coroner's Charge. Text partly obscured by ink stains
f. 184d The Sergeants of the Sheriffs Charge.
f. 184d The Charge of them that be chosen for the common Council.
f. 184d The Charge of them that be made Citizens (Vol. I).
f. 185 The Charge of them that be made Citizens (corrected).
f. 185 The Charge of the brethren of the Guild of St George.
f. 185 The Charge of the Under-Sheriff.
f. 185 The Oath of them that are elected into the Common Council.
f. 185d The King's Commission for repairing the City walls, towers, and ditches, c 1460.
f. 185d Notes concerning the Herring Pies including another copy of a recipe for paste for the herring pies, nd [early 16th century].
f. 186 [180] The Names of the Masters of the various crafts in the City elected in 1440. See note to f.179d.
f. 186 [180] Indenture, concerning the delivery of twenty-four herring pasties and other dues part of the fee farm rent of the City, 13 Sep 16 Hen VII [1500].
f. 186d Note of the production of the King's brazen weights before the Mayor, 1506.
f. 186d Copy of a clause of the charter of Henry I granting a fair to the Prior.
f. 186d Bond of Ralph Harpelee and John Excestre, 1429.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

'Book of Pleas' or 'Liber Placitorum'

Sometimes referred to as 'Liber Papiri Regalis', it contains copies of pleas of the Crown heard before Justices Itinerant, writs, charters, gaol deliveries, subsidy roll etc. The original documents were dated 1194-1453 and 1577. Almost entirely compiled c 1454 in one text hand, except for copies of pleas heard in 1577 on ff 98d-101r, and which were copied in the register soon after that date, probably at the time that the volume was rebound. The Elizabethan boards and cover still survive. According to the description of ff 110-114r below, the original order of the volume was altered at that rebinding, and the foliation as described below must be subsequent to that. However, that foliation ignores many blank folios both at the front and rear of the volume. The contents of this volume from ff 1-88 also appear in the Duplicate Book of Pleas and it is believed that this volume was the engrossment of that other book.
On a front endpaper is an annotation, '1656 Returned from Mr Staff by W. Wilde' and also by antiquary, Francis Blomefield with the date, 1741, his intitials and his crossed-circle sign.

References to vol. I, II, print or copied refer to Hudson and Tingey's, 'Records of the City of Norwich'. The 'Duplicate Book of Pleas' is perhaps the original document of record.

f.1 Descent of the Earldom of Norfolk from Roger Bigot to the death of Thomas Lord Mowbray, Duke (but not Earl) of Norfolk, 1400 (in English).
f.2 Order for a Subsidy as granted by Parliament, 33 Henry VI.
f.3 Order to Bishop and two 'Burgesses' to collect a Tenth and Fifteenth, 8 Jun 31 Henry VI.
f.3d The order given to two citizens. On this occasion was made the '2nd Deduction', 12 Jun (33-46d Dup. Book of Pleas).
f.4d Order for a reduction on the previous amount of a Tenth, the '1st Deduction', 16 Henry VI.
f.5 Bill of Complaints by Prior of Norwich, laid at Thetford before the King's Justices against Mayors, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, for mis-government in allowing various encroachments or wrongdoings, 1441 or 1442 (vol. I).
f.6 Preamble of a similar Bill laid by the Abbot of Wendling (vol. I).
f.6d Certified Inspeximus of Record of Pleas held at Westminster, reciting record of Commission of Enquiry into the above and other offences held at Thetford in July 19 Henry VI, before Thomas Fray, William Paston, and Thomas Tudenham, kt, and also of Enquiry at East Dereham, before Godred, Yelverton, and W. Paston, Monday after St Matthew [? 1443]. The exemplification was granted at request of John Heverlond Prior. One of the documents in NCR 9d marked 'Restitution of Liberties' is a similar exemplification granted at request of Thomas Danyell, mayor, (Dec. 26 Henry VI), 12 Jun 23 Henry VI (vol. I).
f.16d Petition from Citizens to be excused the Fee Farm Rent while the liberties were in the King's hands, since 14 March 21 Henry VI. The Petition is in the form of a recital from the 'Memoranda of 23 Henry VI, among Records of Mich. Term Rot. xxxv., ex parte Remem. Thesaur'; and was presented on the Morrow of St Martin (for continuation of this case see f.85 and f.66.), 12 Nov 1444 (vol. I).
f.21 Plea between the City of Norwich and the Town (or Port) of Yarmouth, 6 Edward III (vol. I).
f.22 Pleas before Peter de Leycestre and others, Auditors of Plaints at Westminster, Easter. In respect of disputed jurisdiction between the City and the Prior; including an accusation of bribery against the Itinerant Justices and others in 14 Edward I, for which they had to make enormous fines., 20 Edward I (33-46d Dup. Book of Pleas).
f.25d Extract from Memoranda of Exchequer of Easter Term, as to right of jurisdiction in Normanspitellond, 21 Edward I.
f.26 Extracts from 'Pleas of the Crown in County of Norfolk on Morrow of Nativity of B.V.M. before Hugo de Bath, etc., Justic Itin.', 34 Henry III (49-84 Dup. Book of Pleas).
f.26d (foot) Extracts from 'Pleas of the Crown before Gilbert de Preston, John de Cokefield, etc., Justic Itin., held at Norwich', 41 Henry III.
f.27 (foot) Extracts from 'Pleas of the Crown for the Liberty of Yarmouth before N. de Turri, etc., Justic Itin., for County of Norfolk', 53 Henry III.
f.27d Extracts from 'Inquisition made by Precept of King in Norfolk and adjoining Counties concerning the King's rights', 3 Edward I.
f.28 Extracts from 'Pleas of the Crown before Salomon de Rochester, etc., Justic Itin.' at Norwich, on Morrow of St Hilary, 14 Edward I.
f.29d The Citizens attached by Master of Hospital of St Paul for infringing on his liberties - Pleaded before Court of Exchequer; Judgment by Middleton Chancellor; and Order to Sheriff to enforce judgment by collecting tallages and arrears from men of the Hospital., 5 Feb 55 Henry III.
f.30d Acknowledgment by the Prior that Newgate is within the City., 41 Henry III (48-84 Dup. Book of Pleas).
f.30d Precept of the King (Henry VI) to Exors. of Oldhalle (late Eschaetor) to produce Writs and Precepts in the matter of the Inquisition held at Cringleford 5 Henry V (f.34 etc.), 10 Feb 6 Henry VI (vol. I).
f.30d Charter of Richard I., 1194.
f.31 Statement about early Charters, and names of witnesses to Charters of John and Richard.
f.31 Charter of Henry III., 24 Mar 40 Henry III.
f.32 Charter of Edward I granting the Leet of Newgate to the City, 43 Edward I.
f.32 Pleadings about jurisdiction in reference to a rescue in Holmstrete of Th. Dallying attached by King's writ. Rescued by Citizens from King's bailiff in virtue of their claim to keep and produce such prisoners themselves, as having by Charter of 27 May 13 Henry III, 'return of all writs.', 1438-1440.
f.33d Inquisition by precept of Edward I to W. de Ormesby and W. Howard, sheriff of Norfolk, to inquire into some cases of disputed jurisdiction in the office of Coroner on Tombland. Precept dated 26 May., 33 Edward I.
f.34d Indenture granting two pieces of land by the Bailiffs and Commonalty., 19 Richard II (vol. I).
f.34d Mandate to Edmund Oldhalle, Eschaetor, to enquire into alleged encroachments by the Citizens on the King's geldable by appropriating jurisdiction in the hamlets, etc., 5 Henry V (vol. I).
f.35 Writ to said Eschaetor to produce the result of the Inquest, 10 Jul 5 Henry V.
f.35 Inquest, taken at Cringleford, 7 Oct 5 Henry V.
f.38d A second Inquest taken the same day and place after the first (See f.61) (48-84 Book of Pleas).
f.38d Plea of Trespass moved at Westminster by Editha Prioress of Carrow, against Robert Prior of Holy Trinity, and Thos. Roughton a monk, Trin. Term 4 Henry V (vol. I).
f.39d The names of the Jury between the parties.
f.39d Editha, prioress of Carrowe, and Agnes Gerbald, a nun, appealed by Margary, widow of William Koc, of Trowse, on charge of murdering him. Attached and called to answer at Westminster, Mich. Term 4 Henry V (vol. I).
f.40d After many adjournments of the Court the Prioress is acquitted.
f.41 Names of the Jury. In the course of this suit the Prioress was imprisoned.
f.41 Gaol delivery before Walter Danyell, mayor, William. Paston and fellows, Justices assigned. Tuesday before Palm Sunday, 2 Henry VI (vol. I).
f.41d Gaol delivery before Wm. Paston and Thomas Wetherby, mayor. Saturday after Easter., 6 Henry VI (vol. I).
f.42 Gaol delivery in Guildhall before Wm. Paston and Richard Moneslee, mayor. Wednesday after Hilary., 7 Henry VI.
f.42 Gaol delivery in Guildhall, before Wm. Paston and Robert Baxter, mayor. Tuesday after Palm Sunday, 8 Henry VI.
f.42d Writ of the King appointing Walter Danyell, mayor, Wm. Paston, etc., his Justices for Gaol delivery, 8 Nov 2 Henry VI.
f.42d Writ of the King to the Sheriffs for the same Gaol delivery (vol. I).
f.42d Writ of the Mayor to the Sheriffs for the same Order of the Sheriffs for the same.
f.43 Names of Coroners, Justices, and Ward Constables (48-84 Dup. Book of Pleas).
f.43 Same series of Writs: Wetherby, mayor, 10 Feb 6 Henry VI (vol. I).
f.44 Same series of Writs: Moneslee, mayor, 16 Nov 7 Henry VI (vol. I).
f.44d Same series of Writs: Baxter, mayor, 8 Feb 8 Henry VI (vol. I).
f.45d Extracts from Pleas as to the Prior's purpresture at Lovell's Stathe (as f.24d), 20 Edward I.
f.46 Petition to Edward I to allow a certain messuage to be acquired for the Friars Minors, 21 Edward I.
f.46d Writ authorising the Bailiffs to rate all holders of tenements, whether foreign or native, for the repair of the walls. For others Letters Patent dated at Langley, 16 August 1308, see 'Calendar of Rolls', pp.136-137., Langley 16 Aug 2 Edward [?II].
f.46d Case of a claim of the citizens to withdraw a suit (concerning a merchant's apprentice) from the King's Court at Westminster to their own, as a matter of privilege by Charter, 34 Edward III (vol. I).
f.47 Claim allowed, 34 Edward III (vol. I).
f.47d Copy of a grant of a messuage in 'Trows in the parish of Carrowe', 8 Edward I.
f.47d Case of certain citizens of Norwich who had been distrained at the Fair of St Botulph [Boston] for non-payment of Pannage and Pontage. They produced Writ and Charter of Edward I and distraints were returned., 7 Edward II.
f.47d List of some rents of the 'New acquisition', 2 Richard II.
f.48-50r Foundation of the Hospital of St Giles, being a 15th-century copy of Bishop Roger de Skerning's inspeximus in 1272 of Pope Alexander's confirmation in Oct 1257 of Bishop Walter Suffield's second foundation charter, (48-84 Dup. Book).
f.50r Deed of Gift to the Hospital by Wm de Donewic (48-84 Dup. Book of Pleas).
f.50 Grants to the Carmelite Friars.
f.51d Four documents relating to the confirmation by the King through the Mayor as his Eschaetor of the temporalities of the See of Norwich to Thomas Browne on his appointment, 1436.
f.51d-53d Various documents relating to the acquisition of property by the Friars Minors, 20-21 Edward I. In Latin and French.
f.53d Commission to collect a Tenth with deduction, 20 May 15 Henry VI [1437].
f.54 Order prohibiting illegal assemblies, 29 Nov 16 Henry VI [1437].
f.54d Copy of a Charter, 13 February 13 Henry III.
f.55 Mode of Assize and Assay of Bread in London.
f.55d Another Assay of White Bread in London.
f.55-58r Composition with respect to disputed jurisdiction between William Worsted Prior of Holy Trinity and Robert Baxter, mayor, etc., 8 Henry VI.
ff.58r-59d Document called 'Foundation of the Cathedral Church,' (as in Dugdale 'Monasticon', iv., 13), Probably of date of Richard II. (it mentions 'Ricardus primus'). It is a summary of the case for the Prior and Convent against the Citizens., tempe Richard II (vol. I).
f.59d Indenture by which John Clyfton, knight, allows the citizens to pay an obligation of 300 marks in sums of £40 annually at St Peter advincula, 24 Jun 24 Henry VI.
f.59d Commission to enquire throughout the kingdom as to impostors who being artificers earning good wages went about on feast days feigning to be the King's Minstrels, 7 Henry VI (Copied Print).
f.60 Statement about moneys due to the King (a) in time of Edward I (b) as the 'onus' (charge) of John Intewood, one of the Sheriffs (This was during the forfeiture of the Liberties.), 22 Henry VI (48-84 Dup. Book).
f.60 Royal order about punishment of forestallers, nd.
f.60d Receipt by Wm. Cotton, Receiver-General of Queen Margaret, for 100 marks paid out of the Fee Farm of the City by order of Parliament the previous year., 21 Nov 32 Henry VI.
f.60d Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to take security of four persons for whom several other persons in Kent had become mainpernors that they would do no hurt by assault or arson to anyone, 16 Jul 32 Henry VI.
f.60d Writ of Certiorari about this security, 28 Jun 32 Henry VI.
f.60d Certificate of the same by J.D. [John Drolle] mayor, 14 Feb 32 Henry VI.
f.61 Inspeximus of Record of Fines and Amercements laid on Mannying, mayor, and Moneslee and Raffman, sheriffs, and other citizens in 9 Henry V, granted at request of the Prior, 19 Henry VI.
f.61d The Assessment of the Townships of Norfolk to the King's Tenths and Fifteenths (i.e., the 'Subsidy Roll' for Norfolk). It begins with an Indenture of Agreement between the two Commissioners, William (de Claxton), prior, and Thomas de Blaston, clerk, in 8 Edward III. [A defective original roll of this subsidy is in the PRO, marked Lay Subsidy, 149-11.] Then follows the whole Assessment, as for the first time permanently fixed in that year. There are also appended in a separate column the permanent deductions allowed, c 1449, (the '2nd Deduction', see f.3d). This copy may have been made at the allocation to individual townships of the total 'deduction' then allowed to the County, [? c 1449]., 8 Edward III (48-84 Dup. Book).
f.65d Then follows a statement of the amount of a Tenth from the City of Norwich at various times from 6 Edward III to 14 Henry VI, when a deduction (? the 'lst Deduction', see f.4d) was allowed (Print).
f.66 Close of the proceedings on the Petition of the Citizens in 1447 to be excused from payment of Fee Farm Rent while their liberties were seized. (Same on f.85.) Then follows the settlement with the Exchequer on this head in a series of formal acquittances., 1451.
f.66d Commission of Gaol Delivery with Writs as in ff.42-43. Return by the Sheriffs with Calendar of prisoners, Panels of Juries, names of coroners, justices, ward constables, etc., 1 Feb 33 Henry VI.
f.67 Gaol Delivery in Guildhall on Saturday before Palm Sunday, with all similar details, 33 Henry VI.
f.67 'Wetherby's Contention': the Return made by Sergeant Godred appointed by Royal Mandate of 18 December 1436, to enquire into the disputes and contentions in the City since 1 May 1433, Jan 15 Henry VI (vol. I). (part in English)
f.75 Enquiry held 2 January 1437, 15 Henry VI.
f.75 Will of John de Bliburg, smith, of St Peter de Parmentergate, proved in the Castle of Norwich, Friday, the morrow of the Ascension, 32 Edward son of Henry, before Constable of the Castle in time of Robert Howard, sheriff, 32 Edward I (Print 85-93d Dup. Book).
f.75d General Commission of the Peace directed to Bishop W. [Walter Lyhart], William Yelverton, John Heydon and 5 others, 24 Aug 24 Henry VI.
f.76d A Royal Writ to Sheriff of Norfolk to enquire by Assize of Mort d'Ancestor at Thetford, on a disputed claim to a rent in Norwich between Thomas Dovdale, chevalier, and Agnes Gnateshalle. For execution of the writ the Sheriff makes return of the same to the 4 Bailiffs of the City 'qui habent returnum brevium et executiones eorum'., 51 Edward III (vol. I).
f.77 At Thetford the Bailiffs claim the case as belonging to the City Court, both parties being citizens. The claim is allowed on production of a mandamus from the King, and the Bailiffs make return to that effect to the Sheriff, 3 Richard II.
f.77d A similar claim allowed in the King's Bench - Case of Drake vs Marcheford - Plea of Detinue, 15 Richard II.
f.78 Plea of Hamsoken in the Bailiffs' Court: Hugo de Curzon vs John, servant of Richard de Helgeye and others, 24 Edward III.
f.79 A similar Plea between the Prior of Penteneye and Nicholas de Blakeney and others, 21 Richard II.
f.80 Claim of Local Jurisdiction allowed in a Plea in the King's Bench: John Clarke vs Geoffrey atte Nooke his bailiff, for not rendering account, 8 Henry IV (85-93d Dup. Book).
f.80d Plea of Freshforce in Guildhall of Norwich: William, prior of Norwich, vs Geoffrey Langley, prior of St Faith of Horsham, 8 Henry VI.
f.81d Further proceedings in the matter of the Petition to be excused Fee Farm Rent during forfeiture of liberties. Extract from 'Communia' Michaelmas term 30 Henry VI, 'ex parte Remem.Thes.' The Petition, etc., are repeated as in ff.16d-21d, with some alterations (the liberties having been restored in the interval on payment of 1,000 marks). (vol. I).
f.85 The Court adjourns more than once. At last at Easter term following the Barons of Easter both Benches, with legal experts, (f. 85d) decide that it should be excused during the time of forfeiture, on the citizens accounting to the King through the Sheriffs for the profits of the City accruing during that period. (For the consequent settlement with the Exchequer, see f.66)., Easter 1453.
f.85d An Assize of Freshforce in the Guildhall. Thomas Ingham and others vs Katherine Asger, widow, and others, 15 Henry VI.
f.85d Copy of the Acquittance of the Pipe to John Wilbye and Richard Steynolf, sheriffs of Norwich, 6 Henry VI.
f.85d A Claim of Jurisdiction allowed at Westminster to the Bailiffs. A Plea of Detinue by Richard de Catefield vs John de Cleye, 10 Edward III.
f.87 A similar Claim allowed at Westminster in a plea of dower due to Beatrix, widow of William Staloun, 17 Edward III (85-93d Dup. Book).
f.87 The same in case of the dower of Mabilla, widow of Laurance Page, 14 Edward II.
f.87 Mandate to restrain John Gourney from building a bridge between Hellesdon and Earlham without due licence. Date is given in the duplicate book as 13 March 9 Henry., 9 Henry (p. 48 Dup. Book of Pleas).
f.87d Mandate from the King [Henry V] to Mayor, Sheriffs and 'Probi Homines', and the Commonalty to choose and send two men, one for each party, to inform him concerning the disputes arising out of the Charter of his father [Henry IV], 26 April 5 Henry V. Return of the names, Robert Dunston for the Mayor, etc., and William Marshall for Commonalty, 12 May 5 Henry V, 5 Henry V.
f.88 'Expositio Vocabulorum.' A Glossary of obsolete words like 'soc,' 'sac,' etc. See also another copy in the Book of Customs.
f.89 'Laws and Customs antiently obtained and used in the City of Norwich' contained in 53 'Capitula' - probably so compiled in middle of 14th century. (f.97d) This copy is marked 'fframyngham' - either because the original here copied belonged to Thomas de Framingham, Bailiff in 1348; or because the copy was taken from a City Book, mentioned as 'Liber fframingham.' (Print Vol. I). Another copy may be found in the Book of Customs.
f.98 A Charter of Confirmation to Citizens of Norwich, reciting some former Charters. Incomplete., 1 Henry VI (10-15 Dup. Book).
f.98d Plea in Guildhall of Norwich, concerning dower of Barbara Braseye, widow, 19 Elizabeth (vol. I).
f.100-101r Plea in Guildhall, John King sues Thomas Norforth, concerning the blocking of a gutter, 19 Elizabeth [1577]
ff.101-109 Blank.
f.110-114r Copy of the greater part of a Chronicle of Louth Park Abbey, Lincolnshire. It begins (in the middle of a sentence) with an irruption of the Scots into England, and ends with the accession of King Henry V. In it, is contained a list of the Cistercian Houses in England with their origins and dates. The earlier part of the Chronicle originally formed the commencement of this volume in c1454 but the beginning of the Chronicle appears to have been lost and the remainder bound in its current position when the volume was re-bound in the late 1570s.
f.114d List of the Companions of William the Conqueror. (to 25 Dup. Book).
f.115 A Confirmation by Letters Patent of Henry VI of the Act of Parliament, 2 Edward III, c. 4, concerning workers of cloths, 7 Henry VI (vol. II copied).
f.115d Charters of the Hospital of St Paul.
ff.116-123d Charters of Privileges granted to the Prior of Norwich at various times.
ff.147-157 are blank.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

'Liber Ruber Civitatis', being a register of City revenues and compendium of letters to the City

Given to the City by outgoing mayor, William Mingay on 17 February 1562 to record the state of the city treasury at the end of each mayoralty and to record the revenues, profits and tolls belonging to the city. It was to detail the,' whole revenues of the City ... in the Chamberlains' Account and Charge, and also the revenues of the Hospital...and certain other revenues belonging to the City, the profits whereof are employed about the River and Streets and for the toll and custom of the Gates, etc...'.

In the seventeenth century, this volume was re-used to record various important letters and memoranda sent to the Corporation.

Contents include an inventory and valuation of city plate (giving original donor's names), nd [1562], schedules and rentals of city, including [Great] Hospital, properties leased out, to whom, for how long and from when, listing leases dating from the 1540s, and, later in the volume, from the 1570s onwards, nd [1562]; river and street annual collection accounts (listing ratepayers in each great ward and parish), 1561-2, annual statements of treasury receipts, with list of bond acknowledgements, 1561-1577, abstracts of various city revenue accounts, with schedule of farmed properties including clavors' and chamberlains' hospital account, 1612; memoranda re dispute over jurisdiction between the city and the dean and chapter, c 1632-1634; copy of grant of St Giles Hospital (God's House or, the Great Hospital) to the city in May 1547; copy of letters patent of Edward IV and serjeant at law and city officials' opinion re the manner of choosing the new mayor, nd [mid-17th century; memoranda re the agreement between the Merchants Adventurers and the manufactureres of the new draperies, 1644, declaration against the solemn league and covenant with a list of those subscribing to the declaration, 1662, order removing aldermen and appointment of new aldermen, 1662, and copy of royal warrant authorising the city authorities to regulate lotteries, puppet plays and shows, 1663; and autograph subscriptions against the solemn league and covenant, 1673.

Many blank folios follow this until the annual statements of payments from the city treasury, 1561-1576. More blank folios lie between these accounts and copies of many letters addressed to the mayor and corporation from the Privy Council at Whitehall, Lord Lieutenant, the Earl of Northampton, the Duke of Suffolk and others re such topics as; the maintenance of Anglican ministers, views of arms and general musters, scholarships to Cambridge, provision for orphans, the observance of Lent, lotteries and other fund-raising in support of the English colony in Virginia, the election of aldermen and chief magistrates, the regulation of manufacture of the new draperies, regulation of dornix weaving, manufacture of saltpetre, a petition from King's Lynn of 1623 complaining of poverty and loss of trade owing to piracy and requesting an influx of stranger weavers of new draperies to stimulate trade and employ the poor in that town, control of vagrancy, watching and ward in the city, and the provision of men and money in support of Parliament, 1605-1643. These letters were copied from the other end of the volume.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

Guild surveyors, Thomas Alberd and John Dowse senior and their successors's account roll

The second roll is initially composed of paper copies of the fair-copies in the preceeding roll, though it also includes later accounts, and also includes the 'onus' or charge of the then supervisors/collectors, Bartholomew Kyng and Robert Best for the year, 1497-98, and a memorandum of debts owed by officers in April 1499 and March 1502.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

Guild surveyors, John Botiller and his successors' annual account rolls

Initially, the account of Botiller or Butteler for himself and for his deceased fellow surveyor, John Stalon, mercer. Afterwards, William Stalon glasier joins Botiller until in 1505, John Westgate, and after him, Robert Barber partners Buttleler. The last account for two years, 1507-1509, includes a long section on the costs of The Lamb [Inn] in the Marketplace, and has, annexed to it, a bill, in English, of the cost of repairs to the George and Star Inns, and for 'fyeing' (scouring/cleansing) the river [? near the George].

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

Guild surveyors and receivers, Robert Hall and William Aleyn and successors, annual account rolls

The second rotulets contains an account covering two years, 1516-1518 with details of subscriptions for both years and a detailed account of the expenses for assemblies in both years. Their preceeding and subsequent accounts were shorter with no subscriptions not costs detailed. The 1519-1520 account was produced by Thomas Albon and Richard Hughson.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

Guild Surveyors, Richard Sotherton and Randoll Smyth and their successors' annual accounts, and also the annual accounts of the Company's treasurers, Alderman Robert Gostlyng and his successors

The surveyors accounts continued to run from Lady Day for one year, while the treasurer's annual accounts ran from mid-June or early July onwards. Also includes the account of William Blomefelde, 'Bedell' for the Company, for collection of monies from the brethren at the feast in 1589 and 1590,
Many pages bear auditors' 'abacus' marks.

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk

Company of St George treasurer's warrants, bills and accounts

Mainly dating from the 1670s.
Warrants for payment of bills and wages, authorised by St Georges Company aldermen, and receipted bills from tradesmen for work done on company properties and goods supplied for the annual procession and feast, including an inventory and valuation of pewter belonging to the Company, 1669, three invoices for carpentry work undertaken at the Newe Hall in 1675-9, 1679, treasurer's annual statements of account, 1674, 1679, copies of company surveyers' annual accounts (listing monies received from individual aldermen and liverymen from each city ward), 1679, 1684, and Assembly warrants to pay wages of officials and bills, with schedule of payees, June and August 1687

Norwich Corporation; 1404-1974; Norwich, Norfolk