USAAF, 448th Bombardment Group; 1943-1946; Seething, Norfolk

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Forma autorizada del nombre

USAAF, 448th Bombardment Group; 1943-1946; Seething, Norfolk

Forma(s) paralela(s) de nombre

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Otra(s) forma(s) de nombre

  • 448th Bomb Group

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Área de descripción

Fechas de existencia

1943-1946

Historia

Part of the United States Army Air Force 2nd Air Division, 8th Air Force.
Outline:
Constituted as the 448th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 6 April 1943 and activated on 1 May 1943 (hereafter the 448th Bomb Group). The Group prepared for duty overseas with B-24s, moved to Seething, England, November 1943-December 1943, and was assigned to the Eighth Air Force (8th Air Force). It entered combat on 22 December 1943 and was active until April 1945. The Group returned to the United States in July 1945 and was redesignated the 448th Bomb Group (Very Heavy) in August 1945. It was equipped with B-19s and assigned to Strategic Air Command on 21 March 1946. On 4 August 1946, it was deactivated and allotted to the reserve. The Group was re-activated on 19 April 1947, redesignated as the 448th Bomb Group (Light) in June 1949, ordered to active duty on 17 March 1951, and deactivated on 21 March 1951. It was redesignated again as the 448th Fighter-Bomber Group, allotted to the reserve and re-activated on 18 May 1955.
Key missions:
The Group served primarily as a strategic bombardment organization, hitting targets in Germany including aircraft factories at Gotha, ball-bearing plants in Berlin, an airfield at Hanau, U-boat facilities at Kiel, a chemical plant at Ludwigshafen, aircraft engine plants at Rostock, marshalling yards at Cologne, and a 'buzz bomb' assembly plant at Fallersleben and synthetic oil refineries at Politz (now in Poland). It took part in the intensive campaign of heavy bombing against the German aircraft industry during the 'Big Week', 20 February 1944-25 February 1944. In addition to strategic operations, the Group flew diversion and support missions. It bombed V-weapon sites, airfields, and transport facilities prior to the Normandy invasion in June 1944, and on D-Day (6 June 1944) attacked coastal defences and choke points. The Group struck enemy positions to assist the Allied offensive at Caen and the breakthrough at St Lo, France, in July 1944. It also dropped supplies to airborne troops near Nijmegen during the airborne attack on Holland (Netherlands) in September and bombed transport and communications centres during the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944-January 1945. The Group dropped supplies to troops at Wesel, Germany, during the airborne assault across the Rhine in March 1945. It flew its last combat mission on 25 April 1945, attacking a marshalling yard at Salzburg, Austria, and returned to the United States in July 1945.
Bomb Squadrons:
41st Bomb Squadron: 1947-1949.
711th Bomb Squadron: 1949-1951; 1955.
712th Bomb Squadron: 1943-1946; 1947-1951.
713th Bomb Squadron: 1943-1946; 1947-1951; 1955-.
714th Bomb Squadron: 1943-1946; 1947-1951.
715th Bomb Squadron: 1943-1946.
Attached Units:
For a full list of attached units, see John Hane, 'Second Air Division Memorial: In memory of all those Americans who, flying from these bases and posts, gave their lives defending freedom, 1941-45' (Author, 1963). A reference copy is available in the Norfolk Record Office searchroom.
Stations:
Gowen Field, Idaho, 1 May 1943.
Wendover Field, Utah, c. 3 July 1943.
Sioux City Army Air Force Base, Iowa, c. September-November 1943.
Seething, England (Army Air Force Station no. 146), December 1943-July 1945.
Sioux Falls Army Air Field, South Dakota, c. 15 July 1945.
McCook Army Air Field, Nebraska, c. 8 September 1945.
Fort Worth Army Air Field, Texas, c. December 1945-4 August 1946.
Commanders:
Col James M. Thompson, c. 25 May 1943.
Col Gerry L. Mason, 3 April 1944.
Col Charles B. Westover, 14 November 1944.
Lt Col Lester F. Miller, 27 May 1945-unknown.
Col John G. Ericksen, September 1945-4 August 1946.

Lugares

Seething, Norfolk

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GB/153/NM/6908

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Created on: 10/08/2005 by Drohv

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For further information see: http://www.heritageleague.org

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