Sir Edmund Yeamans Walcott Henderson; 1821-1896; soldier, policeman; Canada, Australia, London

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Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Sir Edmund Yeamans Walcott Henderson; 1821-1896; soldier, policeman; Canada, Australia, London

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Description area

Dates of existence

1821-1896

History

Born at Muddiford, near Christchurch, Hampshire, on 19 April 1821. Son of Vice-Admiral George Henderson, Royal Navy, of Middle Deal, Kent, and of his wife, Frances Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Walcott-Sympson of Winkton, Hampshire. He was educated at Bruton in Somerset and the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich receiving his first commission as second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers on 16 June 1838. His further commissions were as first lieutenant (1841); second captain (1847); first captain (1854); brevet major (1858); lieutenant-colonel (1862).
Between 1839 and 1845 he was engaged in the survey of the railway line from Halifax to Quebec in Canada and again between 1846 and 1848 when he was also part of the commission investigating the boundary between Canada and New Brunswick. Whilst in Halifax he married Mary Murphy, by whom he had a son, Douglas. After a year at Gravesend Lieutenant Henderson was appointed as Comptroller General of Convicts in Western Australia, travelling out with the first ship. His first wife died in 1855 and whilst on leave in England he married Maria Hindle, 1857.
In 1862 he became a Lieutenant Colonel and the following year they left Australia. Back in England he was appointed Chairman of the directors of prisons and Inspector General of Military Prisons. In 1868 he became a Companion of the Order of the Bath on the recommendation of the Home Secretary Lord Aberdare, and a Knight Commander in 1878. In 1869 he was appointed Chief Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police until he resigned in 1886 after much criticism over the Police's handling of the Trafalgar Square riots. He died soon after his wife on 10 December 1896, leaving six daughters by his second marriage, his son, Douglas, having died in 1875.

Places

Canada; Australia; London

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

soldier and policeman

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Authority record identifier

GB/153/NM/7317

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Status

Catalogued

Level of detail

Partial

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created on: 24/05/2006 by Droip

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