Fonds SO 247 - Records of the Memorial Trust of the 2nd Air Division, United States Air Force (USAAF)

Identity area

Reference code

SO 247

Title

Records of the Memorial Trust of the 2nd Air Division, United States Air Force (USAAF)

Date(s)

  • 1944-2010 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

77 boxes

Context area

Name of creator

(1963-)

Administrative history

American Memorial Room opened in Norwich Central Library, Bethel Street, 1963. Dedication ceremony for Memorial Room, 13 June 1963. American Memorial Room destroyed in Norwich Central Library fire, 1994. Temporary Memorial Library opens within temporary Norwich Central Library, Ber Street, Norwich, 28 February 1995. New 2nd Air Division Memorial Library opened within the Norwich and Norfolk Millennium Library in the Forum, Norwich, 1 November 2001. Dedication ceremony for new Memorial Library, 7 November 2001.\r\nFirst proposals for a memorial to the personnel of the 2nd Air Division in East Anglia who lost their lives during the Second World War, 1945. The Memorial Trust of the 2nd Air Division founded with aim of bringing the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library into being, 1945. Administered by the Memorial Trust of the 2nd Air Division.\r\nThe 2nd Air Division Memorial Library grew from funds raised in 1945 by 2nd Air Division personnel, which were placed under the care of the Memorial Trust of the 2nd Air Division, United States Army Air Force (USAAF). The dedication of the 2nd Air Division Memorial Room took place on 13 June 1963. The room housed the Roll of Honor, as well as a collection of books on the 2nd Air Division and various other aspects of American life and culture. In addition, a Memorial Fountain, complete with stones from all 50 states in the United States, was built outside.\r\nOn 1 August 1994, a fire broke out in the Norwich Central Library destroying most of the books, the original Roll of Honor, and display items in the Memorial Room. The 2nd Air Division archive, held by the Norfolk Record Office and located in the basement of the building, was not destroyed by the fire. Following the 1994 Norwich Central Library Fire, the 2nd Air Division Memorial Room was housed temporarily in Noverre House, Norwich, and then longer-term in Glasswells, 71 Ber Street, Norwich. On 1 November 2001, the new 2nd Air Division Memorial Library was opened in The Forum.\r\nFulbright Librarians and American Scholars:\r\nThrough funds raised by the 2nd Air Division Association, an American Fulbright scholar was appointed annually between 1986-2007 to work as part of the Memorial Library team. Since then, two scholarships have been awarded to American post-graduate students studying at the University of East Anglia.

Name of creator

(1945-)

Administrative history

The Memorial Trust of the 2nd Air Division, United States Army Air Force (USAAF), was formally established by deed 25 May 1945 by the American Memorial Committee. This committee was charged with the task of developing a plan for a memorial to the approximately 7000 members of the 2nd Air Division stationed in Norfolk who were killed between 1942 and 1945. The leaders of this effort were Brigadier General Milton Arnold, Lt-Col Ion Walker, and Col Frederick V.P. Bryan. The Trust governors have mostly been British and based in East Anglia, but also represented on the Trust’s Board of Governors is the Cultural Attaché at the American Embassy in London and a representative of the 2nd Air Division Association.
The Memorial Library is managed by the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust, a registered charity working with the Norfolk County Council Library Authority and with the Executive Committee of the 2nd Air Division Association.
Since its inception, the Trust has been active in administering Trust funds and soliciting donations for the running of the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library. The Trust also works closely with other organizations interested in Anglo-American relations including the University of East Anglia, the Imperial War Museum Duxford and the Mighty Eighth Heritage Museum in Savannah, Georgia, USA. The Trust also supports educational projects, sponsors public lectures on Anglo-American themes, fosters the memory of the sacrifices and contributions made by members of the 2nd Air Division in East Anglia during the Second World War and promotes friendship between the peoples of the United States and East Anglia.
The Memorial Library is managed by the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust, a registered charity working with the Norfolk County Council Library Authority and with the Executive Committee of the 2nd Air Division Association. The Trust helps to employ a part-time Trust Librarian, a Trust Library Manager, and a small team of Library and Information Assistants. Through funding raised by the 2nd Air Division Association, an American Fulbright scholar was appointed annually between 1986-2007 to work as part of the Memorial Library team. Since then, two scholarships have been awarded to American post-graduate students studying at the University of East Anglia. Known as the 'American scholars', they are also part of the Memorial Library team. The Memorial Library also produced the newsletter, 'Memorial News', of which there are copies of some editions in this archive.
The American Room (also known as the 2nd Air Division Memorial or Memorial Room) was the original presence of the Memorial Library in the Norwich Central Library, Bethel Street, which opened in 1963. Following the destruction of this library in the Norwich Central Library fire of 1994, the Memorial Library occupied temporary premises. In 2001, the new 2nd Air Division Memorial Library was opened within the Norwich and Norfolk Millennium Library in the Forum, Norwich.
Represented on the Trust’s Board of Governors is the Cultural Attache at the American Embassy in London and a representative of the 2nd Air Division Association. The Trust works closely with other organizations interested in Anglo-American relations including the University of East Anglia, the Imperial War Museum, Duxford, and the Mighty Eighth Heritage Museum in Savannah, Georgia, United States.
Trust Chairmen (from 1975):
Thomas C. 'Tom' Eaton, [c. 1975]-1996
Paul R. King,1997-2002
David J. Hastings, 2002-2003
Matthew Martin, 2003-
Trust Vice-Chairmen:
Tom Eaton, c. 1973-1975
Alfred A. Jenner, 1977-1981
Paul R. King, 1981-1992
David J. Hastings, 1992-2001
Hilary Hammond, 2001-2005
Andrew Hawker, 2011-
Clerks to the Trust:
F.R.D. Walter, [c. 1963-1969]
J.H. Howard, [1970-?]
Trust Governors (from 1975):
Tom Eaton, [1975]-1997
Mrs Michael Barne, [1975]-1995
John Howard, 1976
Cdr Mark Edmonstone Cheyne, 1976-1990
Thomas 'Tom' D. Copeman, 1976-1980
Richard Q. Gurney, 1976-1980
Alfred A. Jenner, 1976-1998
Lady Mayhew, 1976-1985
Mrs Frank Thistlethwaite, 1976-1981
N.J.D. Walter, [1976]-1977
Roger Freeman, 1977-2005
Paul R. King, 1977-2001
David J. Hastings, 1980-
Col M.R. Marchand, 1980-1983
Christopher Snow, 1980-1983
Jordan R. Uttal, 1980-1989
Lt Col W.D. Wuest, 1980-2003
Prof. Howard Temperley, 1981-2000
Frank W. Gadbois, 1983-1996
Mrs Anne Collins, 1983-1988
Mrs Frances Davies, 1986-2008
Dr Ronald D. Clifton, 1988-1991
E. 'Bud' Koorndyk, 1990-1998
Edward O. Inman, 1990-2004
Edward McBride, 1991-1995
Robin Berrington, 1996-1998
Nicholas P. Cooper, 1997-2005
John Whitehouse, 1998-2000
Hilary Hammond, 1998-2001
David Q. Gurney, co-opted governor, 1998-
Charles 'Chuck' Walker, 2nd Air Division Association Representative, 1998-
T.J. Dowling, 1999-2000
Assistant Prof. Richard Crockatt, 2000-2002
Keith R. Thomas, 2000-2004
Ms Carol Lynn MacCurdy, 2001
David Hill, co-opted governor, 2001-
Victoria Musgrave, 2001-2003
Dennis Wolf, 2002-2005
Matthew Martin, co-opted governor, 2002
Andrew Hawker, cop-opted governor, 2002-
Prof. Christopher Bigsby, co-opted governor, 2003-
Joseph M. Dzenowagis Jun., co-opted governor, 2003-
Ben Du Brow, co-opted governor, 2004-
Jean Steward, 2005-2008
Richard J. Ashton, 2005-2008
David Douglas, co-opted governor, 2005-
Peter Foster, co-opted governor, 2005-
Michael Longe, nominated governor, 2005-
Michael Macy, 2005-2008
Liza Davis, Cultural Attaché, 2008-
David Sisson, co-opted governor, 2009-
Anthony Harmer, co-opted governor, 2009-
Simon Garnier, co-opted governor, 2009-
If you have factual corrections or additions to the dates of service for Trust governors, please let the Record Office know.
The 2nd Air Division Association:
The 2nd Air Division Association was set up in 1948 by former Headquarters staff with the main aim of seeing the Memorial Room Library brought into being. Today, the Association continues to perpetuate the friendships and memories of service in the 2nd Air Division in England during the Second World War and to support financially, and in other ways, the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust and Library. It publishes 'The Journal' and the 'Newsletter.'
The Heritage League:
The Heritage League was founded in the United States by its parent organization, The 2nd Air Division Association, in 1987. It aims to educate later generations about the history of the 2nd Air Division in the Second World War. To achieve this aim, the Heritage League produces publications, gives presentations, maintains a website and runs social and educational programmes. The League also supports other organizations including the Second Air Division Memorial Library in Norwich and publishes the periodical, 'Heritage Herald.'
Friends of the 2nd Air Division Association:
Following the establishment of the Heritage League in the United States in 1987, long serving Trust governor Anne Barne, proposed a local support organization. The Friends of the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust held its inaugural meeting in Norwich in October 1988. The Friends had an active social programme and their activities included meeting returning veterans and escorting them around the airfields. The Friends also produced the newsletter, 'Second Thoughts.' The organization closed on 29 October 2011.
The Cambridge American Cemetery, Maddingley:
Madingley American Cemetery and Memorial is situated about three miles outside of the city of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. It is also referred to as the Cambridge Military Cemetery, Cambridge American Cemetery and Cambridge Cemetery. The Cemetery is maintained by the American Battle Monuments Commission.
The Flight of B-24 'Diamond Lil' to Norfolk, 1992.
Several records relate to the flight of B-24 'Diamond Lil' to Norfolk as part of the 50th anniversary celebrations of the arrival of the United States Army Air Force in Britain. The 4,500 mile flight departed from Meacham Field, Fort Worth, on 1 June 1992, and flew via Minneapolis Iqualit (Frobisher Bay), Keflavik (Iceland), RAF Kinloss (Scotland) to Norwich. This was followed by a six week tour of the United Kingdom, including tribute flights over all the old 2nd Air Division airfields, Heqdquarters and the former Station Hospital, Morley (now the site of Wymondham College). The 'transatlantic crew' who flew 'Diamond Lil' on this journey were Col David Hughes, Col Ray Krottinger, Col Starr Stone, Col Al stricklin, Col Kathy Martin, Col Henry Brand, Col Sam Mangrum, Col David Hastings and Col David Kjell.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

The first deposit of records from the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust, via the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library, was received by the Norfolk Record Office on 27 November 1985 (27/11/1985). List of 27/11/1985 first completed September 2007 by GG (HV) and revised December 2010-April 2011 by EJ (HV). Subsequent deposits, received 10 October 1989-2 August 2011 (up to ACC 2011/106), listed December 2010-August 2011 by EJ/HV.

Also includes some records deposited as part of the Eaton family archive, but which were subsequently agreed to be Trust deposits. Records of Mr T.C. Eaton relating to official Trust business and deposited after April 1990 (when Mr Eaton's secretary took over the typing and administrative support for the Trust) are designated as Trust archives and listed as SO 247. This relates to Eaton 26/11/1991, Eaton 01/08/1996, Eaton 15/01/1997 and part of ACC 2000/52, received on 7 June 2000. Listed December 2010-April 2011 by EJ (HV).

ACC 2005/184 relates to papers deposited at the Norfolk Record Office, 16 September 2005, by David J. Hastings. The papers were created and collected by him, and by T.C. Eaton, during the course of their time as Trust Chairman and Trust Vice-Chairman. Listed December 2010-April 2011 by EJ (HV).

ACC 2006/100, received on 27 July 2006, contains additional papers of T.C. Eaton and David Hastings donated to the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library and transferred to the Norfolk Record Office. Listed December 2010-April 2011 by EJ (HV).

Content and structure area

Scope and content

This archive contains records created and collected by the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust in the course of its business. In particular, the records relate to its foundation in 1945, the planning and creation of the original 2nd Air Division Memorial Room in the Norwich Central Library, opened in 1963, refurbishments and alterations to the Memorial Room, 1980s-1990s, the destruction of the original Memorial Room in the Central Library fire, 1994, and the planning and opening of the new Memorial Library, opened in the Norfolk and Norwich Millennium Library, 2001.

Summary of records (please note when following forward references that catalogue numbers do not always run in numerical order):

1) Minutes and meeting papers (see SO 247/1, follow forward):
Signed, unsigned and copy minutes from governors' regular meetings and some sub-committee meetings. They mainly relate to the ongoing maintenance and development of the Memorial Library and associated activities, mostly with the 2nd Air Division Association.

Contains the following:
Governors' minutes and meeting papers, 1944-2009 (see SO 247/1, follow forward).

Finance Sub-Committee minutes and meeting papers, 1999-2009 (see SO 247/21, follow forward).

Planning and Design Group minutes and papers, 1999-2002 (see SO 247/23, follow forward).

Library Sub-Committee minutes and meeting papers, 2002-2010 (see SO 247/29).

2) Correspondence and papers (see SO 247/30, follow forward):
Correspondence between Memorial Trust governors and with members of the 2nd Air Division Association, and others, relating to the ongoing operation of the Memorial Library and the organization of 2nd Air Division Association events.

Contains the following:
Trust correspondence and papers, 1945-1983: for files containing general correspondence, 1945-1983 (see SO 247/30, follow forward); for Trust correspondence files relating to specific issues (see SO 247/86, follow forward).

Clerks' correspondence and papers (see SO 247/108, follow forward). Contains files of correspondence and other papers maintained by clerks to the governors of the Memorial Trust.

Papers of individual governors and others acting in relation to the Memorial Trust (see SO 247/114, follow forward).

Foundation and administrative records (see SO 247/258, follow forward). Includes copies of the Declaration of Trust and the original Memorial fundraising appeal leaflet, governors' handbook and an address book maintained by the Trust.

3) Financial papers (see SO 247/263, follow forward):
Includes annual reports and statements of finance, including donations and investments. Further financial information is recorded within the minutes, meeting papers and correspondence files of the appropriate period.

4) Printed records (see SO 247/271, follow forward):
Includes Memorial Library brochures and postcards. Further information about the production of the brochures, postcards and other printed publicity can be found within the minutes, meeting papers and correspondence files of the appropriate period.

5) Research and papers relating to the history of the Trust and 2nd Air Division (see SO 247/273, follow forward):
Includes a list of Memorial Trust governors, Eighth Air Force unit histories and information about the Cambridge American Cemetery, Maddingley.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

The catalogue has been arranged as far as possible to reflect the functions and organization of the Memorial Trust.

The current catalogue structure, created December-April 2010, is a revision of the earlier SO 247 catalogue, created September 2007, which only included the first accession of records (ACC 27/11/1985). Previous catalogue references have been superseded by a new numbering system that has been imposed over the catalogue structure in order to facilitate access to the records. Due to this, please note that catalogue references do not always run in numerical order. Previous catalogue references are recorded in the arrangement field.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Access restricted to Trust minutes, agendas, financial papers and correspondence for 10 years to all except current Trust Governors. This is at the request of the depositor. Access to a few files, mainly those which contain records relating to staff employment at the Memorial Library, are restricted for up to 30 years. Access restrictions are noted in the individual catalogue descriptions. Any requests for access to restricted records should be referred to the Trust Chairman (via the Trust Librarian at the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library). If you are a current Trust Governor, please bring proof of your position when accessing records.

To contact the Trust Librarian: e-mail <2admemorial.lib@norfolk.gov.uk>; telephone, +44 (0) 01603 774747 and postal address, The 2nd Air Division (USAAF) Memorial Library, The Forum, Millennium Plain, Norwich, Norfolk, NR2 1AW, England.

Conditions governing reproduction

The Norfolk Record Office requires the permission of the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust Librarian before we can supply copies of any documents in this archive, copyright permitting. Please contact the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust Librarian: e-mail 2admemorial.lib@norfolk.gov.uk; telephone, +44 (0) 01603 774747 and postal address, The 2nd Air Division (USAAF) Memorial Library, The Forum, Millennium Plain, Norwich, Norfolk, NR2 1AW, England.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

For records relating to the 2nd Air Division donated to the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library by veterans, their associates, and local people, see MC 371 and MC 376. To search these records you can use the 'set search' facility for 2nd Air Division (United States Army Air Force) records. This is available in the 'set searches' section of our catalogue which is accessible from the Norfolk Record Office's internet homepage at <http://archives.norfolk.gov.uk>.

For papers of T.C. Eaton, relating to the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust, in the Eaton family archive (uncatalogued) see the following:
ACC Eaton, 14/7/1976: six files mainly relating to 2nd Air Division Association annual conventions, 1972-1975.
ACC Eaton, 26/6/1978: four files, two gatherings and three bundles, 1975-1984, including general correspondence, papers relating to the annual convention, 1983, newspapers, and plans of the Memorial Room.
ACC Eaton, 6/8/1985: four files of correspondence and other papers, 1987-1983, including the American visits, 1978 and 1981.
ACC Eaton, 20/3/1979: including two packets and two newspapers containing papers, reports, brochures etc. relating to the Trust in general and the 1974 annual reunion, 1974-1975.
ACC Eaton, 2/9/1981: four correspondence files, 1977-1981.
ACC Eaton, 7/1/1988: four files of papers relating to the Memorial Trust, 1982-1986.
ACC 2000/53: including a photograph album relating to the opening of the original American Memorial Room, 1963, and two scrapbooks about the 2nd Air Division Association's annual conventions, 1987 and 1990.
ACC 2000/247: one envelope of photographs relating to the opening of the temporary American Memorial Library and correspondence from veterans, 1995-2000.
ACC 2002/261: includes a photograph of T.C. Eaton and Evelyn Cohen at Norwich railway station, undated.

Related descriptions

Publication note

Select Bibliography:
For more information on the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust, see the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library's website at <http://www.2ndair.org.uk/>[accessed 7 February 2011].
For a copy of 'Second Air Division Memorial: United States Eighth Air Force,' (Rackheath, 2006), a printed history of the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust and Library, see MC 376/615 (USF 20/8).
For the website of the Heritage League of the 2nd Air Division, see <http://heritageleague.org/>.
For further information on the Cambridge American Cemetery, Maddingley, see the American Battle Monument Commission: <http://www.abmc.gov/home.php> [accessed 19 January 2011] and Damian Lappin's Madingley American Cemetery website: <http://madingleyamericancemetery.info/> [accessed 19 January 2011].

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

CALM RefNo

SO247

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

71f64d61-1de9-4c33-9d42-3f974160e1fc

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Catalogued

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Created 07/11/2006 by Dlglg. Modified 09/11/2018 by Droip.

Sources

Accession area