Fonds BR 221 - Records of Eastern Counties Omnibus Company Limited

Identity area

Reference code

BR 221

Title

Records of Eastern Counties Omnibus Company Limited

Date(s)

  • 1879-1979 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

190 files

Context area

Name of creator

(1931-)

Administrative history

The Eastern Counties Omnibus Company Ltd (E.C.O.C.) was formed in July 1931 by the amalgamation of four, pre-existing public transport operators. These were: the Ipswich firm of Eastern Counties Road Car Company Ltd, Ortona Motor Company Ltd of Cambridge, the Peterborough Electric Traction Company Ltd and United Automobile Service Ltd (East Anglian branch). The networks of the four operators covered Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, the Isle of Ely and the Soke of Peterborough. Throughout the 1930s, E.C.O.C. expanded its operation, mainly by acquiring the businesses of over 50 other operators, one of which was the Norwich Electric Tramways Company Ltd (N.E.T.C.). This company had been established by Act of Parliament 1898, and by 1933, when E.C.O.C. gained control, was running as many motorbus as tramway services in Norwich. By December 1935, N.E.T.C. had shed its remaining trams and switched entirely to operating motor-buses, a move which was paralleled by the changing of its name to that of the Norwich Omnibus Company Ltd. It was managed by a joint committee formed by representatives of E.C.O.C. and of the Corporation of Norwich, although real control rested firmly in the hands of E.C.O.C. In 1955, the semi-independence of N.O.C. ended with the final winding-up of its operation and total absorption into E.C.O.C. E.C.O.C. itself, originally owned by the Tilling Group, passed into state ownership in 1948; its assets having been purchased by the British Transport Commission. On the abolition of the Commission in 1962, control passed to the Transport Holding Company and then, in 1969, to the National Bus Company.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Received by the Norfolk Record Office on 12 December 1991 (MS 23170). Catalogue completed (TT). Another volume from a temporary deposit by the ECOC Ltd of 2 December 1991 has been added to this catalogue (BR 221/190) on 28 January 2019.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Business records of Eastern Counties Road Car Company Ltd; Peterborough Electric Traction Company Ltd; Eastern Counties Omnibus Company Ltd and Norwich Omnibus Company Ltd (formerly Norwich Electric Tramways Company Ltd). These records represent the first 50 years of E.C.O.C.'s existence. Also represented are the predecessor companies, Eastern Counties Road Car Company and Peterborough Electric Traction Company. Some records of the Norwich Omnibus Company also survive in this deposit.

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Accruals

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Related units of description

Further records concerning the Norwich Electric Tramways are listed under MC 368/1 and C/Scf 1.

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Description control area

Description identifier

1a18e7f7-d9d6-44a6-8196-9725977a47b7

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Status

Catalogued

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Created 18/02/2003 by Droip. Modified 28/01/2019 by Drott.

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