Fonds WMH - Personal and Family Papers of Wilhelmine, Lady Harrod

Identity area

Reference code

WMH

Title

Personal and Family Papers of Wilhelmine, Lady Harrod

Date(s)

  • 19th century-21st century (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

103 boxes

Context area

Name of creator

(fl 1825)

Biographical history

Name of creator

(1775-1860)

Biographical history

14 December 1775-31 October 1860. Served with the Royal Navy and also the Navies of Chile, Brazil and Greece.

Name of creator

(1794-1863)

Biographical history

20 August 1794-29 July 1863.

Name of creator

(1800-1885)

Biographical history

20 December 1800-8 August 1885. Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1846 to 1858 underneath John Russell.

Name of creator

(1815-1889)

Biographical history

6 July 1815-14 November 1889.

Name of creator

Name of creator

(1796-1878)

Biographical history

6 November 1796-23 June 1878.

Name of creator

(1812-1858)

Biographical history

16 September 1812-11 June 1858. Son of Thomas Foxwell Buxton. MP for East Norfolk in 1857-1858.

Name of creator

(1790-1868)

Biographical history

14 June 1790-2 May 1868. MP for Hindon and Bramber.

Name of creator

(fl 1853)

Biographical history

Wife of Francis Joseph Cresswell.

Name of creator

(fl 1853)

Biographical history

Sister-in-Law of Francis Cresswell.

Name of creator

(fl 1853)

Biographical history

Son of Francis Cresswell.

Name of creator

(fl 1853)

Biographical history

Son of Francis Cresswell.

Name of creator

(fl 1853)

Biographical history

Brother of Francis Cresswell.

Name of creator

(fl 1853)

Biographical history

Name of creator

Name of creator

(1779-1862)

Biographical history

30 December 1779-20 December 1862. In the Royal Navy.

Name of creator

(fl 1853)

Biographical history

Name of creator

(1816-1854)

Biographical history

20 February 1816-12 August 1854. MP for King's Lynn from 1842 to 1854.

Name of creator

(1820-1907)

Biographical history

22 September 1820-8 December 1907. MP for Coleraine from 1862-1874 and 1880-1885.

Name of creator

(1827-1867)

Biographical history

Born at King's Lynn, 26 September 1827. Third son of Francis and Rachel Cresswell. Captain in the Royal Navy. Died at King's Lynn 14 August 1867.

Name of creator

(19th century)

Biographical history

Francis Cresswell (1789-1861, mayor of Lynn, 1845), and his wife Rachel (1803-1888), daughter of Joseph Fry (1777-1861) and his wife Elizabeth Fry, née Gurney (1780-1845), lived at Bank House, King's Lynn. Their children were Francis Joseph (1822-1882, John Addison (b 1824), Samuel Gurney (1827-1867), William Edward (b 1835), Gerard Oswin (b 1837), Oswald (b 1839), Harriet Frances Elizabeth (b 1842).

Francis Cresswell, F.J. Cresswell, G.F.A. Cresswell and S.A. Gurney were partners in Gurneys, Birkbeck, Barclay, Buxton and Cresswell's Bank at King's Lynn (later Barclay's Bank).

Name of creator

(1911-2005)

Biographical history

Born 1 Dec 1911, died 9 May 2005. Baptized at Hunstanton, 1912. Wilhelmina, known as Billa, was the daughter of Captain Francis Joseph Cresswell of the Norfolk Regiment and Barbara (née Folkes, later Lady Strickland of Old Hall, Snettisham). She married Roy Harrod in 1938 and thereafter lived mainly at Oxford until Sir Roy retired in 1963, when the couple bought The Old Rectory, Holt. They had two sons, Henry (b 1939) and Dominick Roy (1941-2013).
Co-writer with Charles Linnell, of the 'Shell Guide to Norfolk' (1957) and founding chairman of the Norfolk Society Committee for Country Churches, which evolved into the Norfolk Churches Trust, of which she was president.

Name of creator

(1789-1861)

Biographical history

Mayor of King's Lynn in 1845.

Name of creator

(1822-1882)

Biographical history

Eldest son of Francis Cresswell (1789-1861) and his wife Rachel (1803-1888), née Fry, of Bank House, King's Lynn. He married the Hon. Charlotte Frances Georgina Gough, a daughter of Lord Calthorpe, in 1850 and they set up home at 3 King Street, King's Lynn.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Received by the Norfolk Record Office on 27 November 1987, 6 March 2006 (ACC 2005/362), 30 April 2007 (ACC 2007/30) and 17 December 2012 (ACC 2012/248).

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Personal papers, including diaries and correspondence (correspondents include Penelope Betjeman, Patrick Leigh Fermor, and Diana Mosley (née Mitford)) of Wilhelmine (Billa) Harrod, 1929-2005, and some correspondence and other personal papers of her husband, the economist (Henry) Roy Forbes Harrod (1900-1978; knighted, 1959), 1904-1978. Family papers inherited by Lady Harrod relate to the Cresswells of King's Lynn and related families, 19th-20th centuries, including Captain Samuel Gurney Cresswell, RN (1827-1867), the Gurney family of North Runcton, Elizabeth Fry, and the Boileaus of Ketteringham (Lady Catherine, Sarah Boileau and three of her children, Charles, Anna Maria and Caroline Mary), 1821-1873, and the Folkes family of Hillington, with some papers and photographs of General Sir (Edward) Peter Strickland (1869-1951). Papers of Lady Harrod from the 1970s onwards relate extensively to her work with the Norfolk Churches Trust and other conservation-related matters.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Only the papers of the Paternal Ancestors of Wilhelmine [Billa], Lady Harrod (1911-2005, née Cresswell) have been catalogued so far.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Advance notice advisable.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Interim lists of most of the papers, to varying levels of detail, are available on request.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

3a0d2e8d-b60a-4ba7-b518-00d405681dd9

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Uncatalogued

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Created 03/08/2011 by Drosm. Modified 05/03/2019 by Catherine.Collins.

Sources

Accession area

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