Norfolk Broads, Norfolk

Taxonomy

Code

Scope note(s)

  • The Norfolk Broads are a network of mostly navigable rivers and lakes (known locally as broads) in east Norfolk and north Suffolk. They were, with surrounding land, made a special statutory area and are managed by the Broads Authority. The total area covers 117 square miles (303 sq. km). There are seven rivers and about fifty broads which are mostly less than twelve feet deep. \r\n\r\nFor many generations the broads were regarded as natural features of the landscape. Dr Joyce Lambert proved that they were artificial features, the effect of flooding on early peat excavations published in 1960. The Romans first exploited the rich peat beds of the area for fuel, and in the Middle Ages the local monasteries began to excavate the 'turbaries' as a buesiness, selling fuel to Norwich and Great Yarmouth. Norwich Cathedral took 320,000 tonnes of peat each year. As the sea levels began to rise, the pits began to flood. Despite the construction of windpumps and dykes the floods continued resulting in the Broads landscape with its reed beds, grazing marshes and carr.\r\n\r\nBy the 1950s, much of the clear water of the Broads had become cloudy, bankside reed and vegetation were eroding, and acres of unmanaged fen were slowly turning to scrub. In parallel with this, there was an increase in tourism as the marketing of the Broads brought many thousands of new visitors. In 1967 the Nature Conservancy Council (later known as English Nature) published an alarming report about the degradation of the Broads. This was followed in 1976, by a study commissioned by the Norfolk Naturalists Trust (later known as the Norfolk Wildlife Trust). The Countyside Commission (later the Countryside Agency) took up the case and urged the local authorities in Norfolk and Suffolk to provide proper management for the area in order to hald, and if possible, reverse the decline. A special organisationto manage the Broads was finally established in 1978. See Broads Authority file.\r\n\r\nSpecific parts of the Broads have been awarded a various designations:\r\nSpecial Protection Area (SPA) status for an area named 'Broadland' composed of 28 Sites of Specific Scientific Interest (SSSI); Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA) status for pars of the Halvergate Marshes; National Nature Reserve (NNR) status for Bure Marshes, Benacre, Ant Broads and Marshes, Hickling Broad, Ludham-Potter Heigham, Redgrave and Lopham Fen, Martham Broad, Calthorpe Broad, and Mid-Yare.\r\n\r\nA great variety of boats can be found on the Broads from Edwardian trading wherries, Albion to electric and solar-powered boats, Electric Eel, Ra.\r\n\r\nThe seven navigable rivers are the Yare, Bure, Thurne, Ant, Waveney, Chet and Wensum. The broads range in size and are unevenly distributed with more being in the north from the Bure, Thurne and Ant than from the central or southern end. Individual broads may lie directly on the river, though more often, are situated to one side, connected to the river by an artificial channel or dyke. There is also a new navigation canal, the lock-less New Cut, which connects the Rivers Yare and Waveney and allows boats to by-pass Breydon Water. There is also a second naviagable link to the sea via the River Waveney and its link to the tidal Oulton Broad via Lake Lothing.
  • Lat: 52.6667 Long: 1.5

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Norfolk Broads, Norfolk

BT Norfolk

Norfolk Broads, Norfolk

Equivalent terms

Norfolk Broads, Norfolk

Associated terms

Norfolk Broads, Norfolk

1 Results for Norfolk Broads, Norfolk

1 results directly related Exclude narrower terms