File NRS 13564, 28C1 - [? Manor of Aylsham] court roll

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NRS 13564, 28C1


[? Manor of Aylsham] court roll


  • 17th century (Creation)

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1 mem.

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Administrative history

Aylsham was the capital manor of the Duchy and the Duchy court was held there. It was held by the Crown from the conquest and farmed by various tenant lords over time: Eustace de Nevile (1199); Hubert de Burgo or Burgh, Earl of Kent, (1226) under whom the manor was united with Cawston until 1330. At an inquisition taken in 1358, Queen Isabella was found to have died in possession of the manor [IPM 1:10/447]. The manor was made a part of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1371 when it was granted by the King to John of Gaunt. It was granted to Sir Thomas Erpingham for life in the early fifteenth century, and in 1414 on the Archbishop of Canterbury, Richard Bishop of Norwich, Walter Hungerford, John Phelip, Knights, Hugh Mortimer, John Woodehouse, John Leventhorp, Esqrs. and others. In 1474, Edward IV settled it on Elizabeth his Queen for life and it continued to be held by the Crown subsequently. The manor is one of fourteen Norfolk manors leased for 40 years by Sir John Hobart to Sir Nicholas le Strange, John Hobart of Weybread (Suffolk) and others in 1640 [NRO, NRS 26514]. The Right Hon. John Hobart Earl of Buckinghamshire held it of the Crown in the eighteenth century [Blomefield, Vol 6, pp. 268-285]. The Dowager Lady Suffield is given as lady of the manor in White's Trade Directory (1845); the Marquis of Lothian is given as lord of the manor in White's Trade Directory (1883). Last transaction dated: 1923; lord of the manor: Marquis of Lothian; Steward: T.W. Purdy [TNA, HMC 5/6].\r\nBlomefield describes the privileges belonging to tenants of the Duchy: 'Upon the erection of the dutchy court, by King Henry IV. May 4, in the 3d year of his reign, anno 1401, the Charter of the Dutchy was confirmed by King and parliament, which sets forth, that Edward III. granted for him, and his heirs and successours, to John of Gaunt Duke of Aquitain and Lancaster, and Blanch his wife, that they and the heirs of their bodies, and all their tenants of the lands and fees, which were in the possession of Henry Earl of Lancaster, in the sixteenth year of Edward III. anno 1341, should be for ever free, from panage, passage, paage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, picage, and ferage, throughout all England, and other places in the King's dominion; and King Rich. II. granted to the said Duke, all Fines, forfeitures, and amerciaments, of what kind or nature soever, of all his men and tenants in the said lands or fees, and all estrap and wastes, whatsoever, in the said fees; together with all forfeitures for murder and felony committed in the said fees, or by tenants of the fees in other men's lands; and also all the goods of felons de se, and forfeitures to the clerk of the markets, in as ample a manner as the said King had them before this grant; and further, the said King granted the assize of bread, wine, and beer, and all victuals, to be under a clerk of the markets, appointed by the said Duke, and that the King's clerks of the markets shall not enter the fees, to exercise any jurisdiction there, and that the said Duke should have the chattles of all fugitives and outlaws in the said fees; the said Duke was also to have execution by his own officers, of all writs, summons, processes, extracts and precepts, so that no sheriff, bailiff, or other officer of the King, was to enter into the liberty, or exercise any office or jurisdiction therein, unless in default of due execution, by the proper officers of the liberty; the said Duke was also to have weyf, and stray, deodands, and treasure found in the liberty, &c. and Henry IV. confirmed the whole, by consent of parliament, and ordained for himself and heirs, that in the whole dutchy of Lancaster, all these royal franchises, privileges, and grants should for, ever stand valid and in full force, and be executed by the proper officers of the Dutchy; and Edward IV. in the first year of his reign, confirmed all the liberties to the tenants of the Dutchy; as did many of the succeeding Kings, so that there are now proper officers, as coroners, stewards, clerks, of the markets, &c. appointed for the liberty of the Dutchy, in the several counties it extends into'.

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