- 18 Jun 2002 (Creation)
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Subjects covered include childhood memories, domestic service, food and drink, clothing, Second World War, working life. Places mentioned include Chichester.
00:00-05:00 - The interview begins with Ted Maund (hereafter TM) already talking about a violent car journey with house staff. The female interviewer asks TM to return to the start of the story. TM explains that he was orphaned during the First World War and was brought up by his aunts, Miss Belcher and Miss Panting. He jokes about their names, describes his time in the choir and mentions his love of singing. He explains that he began working in the house of a surgeon. He mentions applying for a job from the paper, describes the interview and moving to Goodwood park, Chichester. He describes the house and staff, telling an anecdote about his dishevelled arrival at the house by bicycle.
05:01-10:00 - TM describes his introductions to the other members of staff and his duties. He describes washing up and his daily routine, mentioning cleaning shoes and filling in for the footmen. He describes the duties of the footmen and the butler, mentioning the process of answering the door to visitors. He describes the importance of servants being invisible and the tensions, formalities and pastimes in the servant's hall. He describes his entitlement to time off.
10:01-15:00 - TM continues describing his working hours, mentioning his hours of sleep. He describes being valet for visitors as a means of earning extra money. He mentions the housemaids and their uniforms. The interviewer asks what he wore and TM describes his clothing, mentioning livery. He explains how clothing functioned within social hierarchy. He mentions the gardeners, flowers, and explains the importance of a well run house with large staff. The interviewer asks about the family he worked for and TM explains he doesn't want to name anyone. then describes the family, mentioning parties and the Goodwood races.
15:01-20:00 - TM describes the extra work from visitors, mentioning shooting parties. He continues to describe the family he and their pastimes. He describes cleaning the house in their absence, mentioning his lack of holidays. He mentions his promotion from hall boy to first footman and his desire to leave service to join the army, remaining at Goodwood from 1935 to 1937. The interviewer asks whether he was grateful for the work, TM explains the importance of security and the benefits of working in service. The interviewer asks for more specifics about TM's duties. TM describes the process and tools used cleaning the silver.
20:01-25:00 - TM continues describing cleaning the silver. He describes waiting at table, mentioning not being able to laugh, the atmosphere and an occasion he removed a lady's plate before she'd finished. He describes laying the table. The interviewer asks who issued instructions, and TM explains how orders were issued to staff from the master, mentioning the butler, the housekeeper and their relationship. The interviewer asks about the scullery maids.
25:01-30:00 - TM talks about the hierarchy of the servants, explaining the low status of scullery maids and some of their tasks. He mentions the gardeners and the role of the housekeeper in organizing meals. He explains the difference in roles of butler and housekeeper and the importance of tips, approximating his wages at seven pounds per week. He describes his trip to the army recruitment office, having saved 80 pounds. He mentions going to the cinema and mentions Goodwood Park's location. The interviewer asks where he saw the advert, TM explains the paper.
30:01-35:00 - TM continues explaining his application for the job, the request for a photograph and his interview. He mentions being 14 or 15 and nervous at the interview. The interviewer asks if TM took pride in his work, and he explains why he did. The interviewer asks TM his favourite and least favourite duties, he mentions answering the door, cleaning shoes and polishing silver. He describes the process of cleaning shoes and boots. The interviewer asks about parties and TM mentions Goodwood races. He describes the family, and his distance from them.
35:01-40:00 - The interviewer asks how many servants worked in the house and TM lists them, mentioning that the female staff tried on lady's dresses when they were away. He mentions the staff hierarchy and explains why the house was well run. He talks about the housemaids, mentioning living in and talks about being on call. The interviewer asks about the staff's food which he describes. She then asks him to describe a day's duties, which TM does. He mentions the last duties of the day and breakfast.
40:01-45:00 - TM continues describing breakfast, including the food. He mentions laying the table for lunch, afternoon tea and laying the dinner table. He describes the process of waiting at dinner and afternoon tea, mentioning being unnoticed. He mentions the butler pouring wine and describes his relationship with the butler and other servants, mentioning dancing in the servants hall.
45:01-end - The interviewer asks about his contact with the world outside. TM explains that he had a radio but didn't use it. They discuss his joining the army and the start of the war, detailing his movements during World War Two. The interviewer asks whether being a soldier or a footman was more difficult. TM explains that he felt more academic but did not have the opportunities, forced out of school at 14 to find work. He recalls arriving at his aunts at aged five and his childhood, mentioning other children he'd lived with, including losing contact with his sisters.