File AUD 12/1/7, CD1 - Interview of Fred Gardner by Jean Eaglen

Identity area

Reference code

AUD 12/1/7, CD1

Title

Interview of Fred Gardner by Jean Eaglen

Date(s)

  • 12 Aug 2003 (Creation)

Level of description

File

Extent and medium

1 CD-DA.

Context area

Name of creator

(fl 2003-2004)

Biographical history

Name of creator

(1921-)

Biographical history

Name of creator

(c 1249-)

Administrative history

Established in c 1249 by the then Bishop of Norwich, Walter Suffield and originally known as the Hospital of the Blessed Mary and St Giles, and afterwards, simply as St Giles's Hospital, Norwich, in the parish of St Helen in Holmstrete, now Bishopgate in Norwich.
Formerly known as St Giles' Hospital, the Great Hospital in Norwich is still a functioning charitable, residential institution and its archives extend from the thirteenth century to the twentieth century. Prior to the Municipal Reform Act of 1835, the Mayor and Corporation acted as trustees for a large number of City charities. The most ancient was the Great Hospital (founded by Walter Suffield, Bishop of Norwich, in 1249), whose records are the largest and most complete of any of the City charities.
While most English hospitals were dissolved at the Reformation in the sixteenth century, the Great Hospital was one of very few which survived. On Henry VIII's death in 1547, it was surrendered to the new Protestant monarch, Edward VI. The Norwich city fathers, however, were sufficiently astute to recognize the important rôle which the Hospital might play in caring for the city's poor (who then posed a serious social problem). Edward VI succumbed to local pressure and returned the ownership of the Hospital and its possessions, land and property to the corporation, which then used it to prioritise and channel charitable work in the community. Thus, through its acquisition by the corporation, the Hospital continued to function and its records became part of the city archives.
By the terms of Edward VI's charter by letters patent in 1547, forty poor people were to be accommodated in the Hospital (then called 'God's House'), looked after by the keeper of the House and a team of four matrons or women keepers, but by the end of the century, the number had risen to 54. In 1633, owing to increased revenues, the numbers of inhabitants had increased to 86 though there were still only four women keepers. Seven years later, there were 95 inhabitants, looked after by five matrons. Of these inhabitants, the original 40 provided for by charter had been augmented by two paid for by legacies in Francis Rugg's will, two more by the will of Alderman Henry Fawcett and the remainder allowed by the mayor and aldermen because of the increase in revenues. Presumably finances were tight when in 1647, numbers were down to 71 and the team of matrons only four women, but by the early Commonwealth period, there were again 95 poor and five matrons. By 1685, a hundred poor folk were accommodated in the Hospital.
The Charity Commissioners finished their enquiry into the Norwich charities in 1833 and a copy of their printed report is to be found at N/TC 63/2. By a Chancery Order dated 18 March 1837, twenty-six Charity Trustees were appointed, with responsibility to manage the charities formerly in trust with the Corporation. The charities were divided into two lists: the Church List Charities (including the Great Hospital, the Free Grammar School, Archbishop Parker's Scholarships, the Preachers' Fund and various other smaller charities) and the General List Charities (including Doughty's Hospital, the Boys' Hospital, the Girls' Hospital, the Barnham Broom Estate and many other smaller charities).
A considerable number of charity records (many of them pre-1835) were deposited in the Record Office many years after the publication of Hudson and Tingey's Revised Catalogue of the Records of the City of Norwich in 1898. They interrelate with the records in the NCR collection and are listed at N/CCH and N/MC.
The medieval records of the Great Hospital were inscribed in the UNESCO UK Memory of the World Register in May 2011. The UK Memory of the World Register (established in 2010) helps to raise awareness of some of the UK’s exceptional, but lesser-known documentary riches by awarding them globally-recognised Memory of the World status.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

00:00 minutes:seconds - subjects discussed include 1st Militia; ammunition; annual treats; army; army training; Attleborough; barns; baths; beaches; bicycles; brass polishing; bread and dripping; black bread; British Expeditionary Force (BEF); British servicemen; cars; railway cattle trucks; children; clothes; drying of clothes; coalmen; cricket; crimes; cycling; Danzig; deliveries; early closing days; education; elementary schools; employers; employment; enlisting; errand boys; fathers; fens; fires; food; footwear; France; gardening; Mr Gardner, father of interviewee; Mrs Gardner, mother of interviewee; German soldiers; guns; half day closing of shops; harvesting; headteachers; health; Holland; horses; hours of work; illnesses; International Stores; invasions; Kenninghall; Kenninghall Elementary School; Kenninghall Fen; leaving school; marches; millers; money; mothers; nineteen-forties; nineteen-thirties; Norwich; outside toilets; parents; pennies; Poland; policemen; prisoners of war; Pullen & Mace, signwriters of St Giles, Norwich; railway cattle trucks; Fred Rayner; rickets; sandwiches; schools; shoes; shop girls; shops; siblings; signwriters; singing; soldiers; songs; sportsmen; St Giles, Norwich; St Valery, France; stealing food; teachers; thefts; tin baths; toilets; training; transport; wages; walking; wars; wash houses; weather; Mr J Williams, headteacher; window cleaning; winter; starting work; World War II.

12:11 m:s - alcohol; bait; beating children; bicycles; boys; homemade bread; buildings; bullock heads as food; childhood; children; cooking; cooks; courts; crimes; deaths; deprivation; domestic service; dumplings; East Harling; East Harling Juvenile Court; eels; electricity; farms; fathers; fens; fishing; food; keeping food cool in hot weather; Mr Gardner, father of interviewee; Mrs Gardner, mother of interviewee; damage to gates; hospitals; housekeeping money; illegitimacy; illness; Ellen Jones; juvenile courts; larders; marriage; meals; meat; meres; milk; lack of money; mothers; deaths of mothers; oil lamps; parents; pasteurised milk; policemen; practical jokes; pregnancies; public houses; punishments; Quidenham Mere; rabbits; radios; sense of humour; Delia Smith; summer; wages; loss of wages; washing boards; wells; West Norwich Hospital, Norwich; Wicklewood Workhouse; wirelesses; women; workhouses.

22:04 m:s - 'All Things Bright and Beautiful' [hymn]; Mr Banham, father-in-law of interviewee; boots; borstals; cancer; cats' whiskers [in radios]; workhouse cells; children; clothes; George Collins; courts; crimes; Cromwell House, Kenninghall; deaths; duties; employment; fathers-in-law; footwear; graveyards; hand-me-downs [clothes]; happiness; high-leg boots [girls' boots]; homelessness; house-breaking; houses; hymns; illnesses; juvenile courts; the Kaiser; Kenninghall; lifestyles; men; parish clerks; parish relief; poor relief; prisons; punishments; radios; relations; rocking horses; school toilets; schools; shoe repairs; lack of social security; standard of living; emptying of toilets; touching forelocks as a mark of respect; toys; tramps; tyres used as repair material; village schools; wars; Wicklewood Workhouse; wirelesses; women; work; workhouses; children in workhouses; World War I.

30:15 m:s - authors; babies; baskets; Brecklands; broats [sticks]; Chris Bush, county cricketer; children; Mrs Clarke, grandmother of interviewee; Rainbird Clarke, grandfather of interviewee; cottages; county cricketers; cricket matches; cricketers; curators; deaths; Eagle Public House; frail baskets ; games; gardeners; Ethel Garnder [nee Banham], wife of interviewee; grandparents; Michael Holme; hymns; Kenninghall; landlords; lifestyle; Lopham; musical instruments; nineteen-forties; nineteen-thirties; Norwich Museum; odd-jobbing; payments in kind; pensioners; pig farming; playing music; poachers; public houses; rabbits; Mike Salmon, grandfather of interviewee and smallholder; Salvation Army; Salvationists; Shropham; Shropham Hall; Shropham Park; singing; smallholders; smallholdings; sports; Sprowston; Stamford; transport; violinists; violins; walking; wars; 'When I Survey the Wondrous Cross' [hymn]; World War II; writers.

40:51 m:s - Ben Adams; Army accommodation; Attleborough; babies; damage to bicycles; birds; births; blindness; the blitz; bomb damage; bomb shelters; bombings; British servicemen; damage to buildings; children; concentration camps; cottages; courting; Bill Davey; deaths; deaths by shooting; donkey stoves; 'Eastern Daily Press'; elderly people; electricity supply; employment; enlisting; evictions; factories; farm labour; farmers; farms; fathers; fire sirens; names of flowers; friendships; Ethel Gardner [nee Banham], wife of interviewee; Mr Gardner, father of interviewee; Mrs Gardner, mother of interviewee; Great Ellingham; Great Melton; grieving; harmonicas; health; heating; heaven; houses; housing; illness; Kiev; languages; leisure activities; lifestyle; marriages; married life; midwives; mothers; munitions factories; murders; music; musical instruments; neighbours; newspapers; nineteen-forties; Norwich Shirehall; nurses; oil lamps; Palestine; parents; plant names; poems; poetry; postnatal depression; reading; Eleanor Roosevelt; Royal Norfolk Regiment; Russians; sirens; sisters; smallholdings; sons; students; Suffolk Regiment; Sundays; tied houses; Ukraine; values; walks; wars; washing; weather; wildlife; winter; wives; work; World War II; Wymondham.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

FOND 007

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Restrictions apply, contact Norfolk Record Office staff for details. The Norfolk Record Office acknowledges the intellectual property rights of those named as contributors to this/these recordings and the rights of those not identified.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

ECopyDuration: 57 minutes 45 seconds
Sample Frequency: 44.1
Bit Depth: 16
Number of Channels: 2
Sound Field: stereo
DigiProv Copies: SCOP 1/190/1/1-2; SCOP 2/191/1/1-2; SCOP 4/191/1/1

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Ecopy: scop_001-000190T001V002.wma

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Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

CALM RefNo

AUD012/7

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Subject access points

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Description control area

Description identifier

56fe3fc3-bce4-41cb-9d5c-fdfa9bbcc5c9

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Catalogued

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Created 16/12/2005 by Drojd. Modified 10/12/2018 by Droip.

Sources

Accession area

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