Grout and Company; ? 1814-?; silk and crepe manufacturers; Great Yarmouth, Norfolk

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Grout and Company; ? 1814-?; silk and crepe manufacturers; Great Yarmouth, Norfolk

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

? 1814-?

History

This silk manufacturing company was begun at Norwich in the opening years of the 19th century by the brothers George and Joseph Grout, the inventors of 'Norwich crape'. About 1814 the Yarmouth factory was established. 1,100 hands were employed there in 1838 and about 1,000 in 1907. At various times during the 19th century the Company possessed, besides the Norwich and Yarmouth factories and a London warehouse, plant at North Walsham and Ditchingham in Norfolk, Bungay and Mildenhall in Suffolk, Saffron Walden, Bocking and Sible Hedingham in Essex, Ponders End, Enfield, Middlesex, and at Manchester, Glasgow and Paisley. In 1819-1820 a reeling establishment was set up at Bhartiparra near Calcutta. Following a financial crisis in 1890 the Company was concentrated at Yarmouth and the other factories were closed. At the same time a Limited Company was formed. In 1923-1924 a Subsidiary was established at St Catharine's, Ontario, and duplicates of its minutes and other records are preserved with those of the parent company (see Y/D 50/248-377). From the 1920s onwards the company concentrated on the manufacture of crepe bandages.

Places

Great Yarmouth, Norfolk

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Silk and Crepe Manufacturers

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

The history of the Company is summarised in F. Warner, 'Silk Industry of the United Kingdom' (1921), pp. 285-290, and in the journal 'British Warehouseman' (Winter 1907, see Y/D 50/231).

Relationships area

Access points area

Control area

Authority record identifier

GB/153/NM/5715

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Catalogued

Level of detail

Minimal

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created on: 28/07/2004 by Droip

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