Série NCR 20d/1-10 - Great Hospital lease books and rentals

Zone d'identification

Cote

NCR 20d/1-10

Titre

Great Hospital lease books and rentals

Date(s)

  • 1530-1845 (Production)

Niveau de description

Série

Étendue matérielle et support

10 volumes

Zone du contexte

Nom du producteur

(c 1249-)

Histoire administrative

Established in c 1249 by the then Bishop of Norwich, Walter Suffield and originally known as the Hospital of the Blessed Mary and St Giles, and afterwards, simply as St Giles's Hospital, Norwich, in the parish of St Helen in Holmstrete, now Bishopgate in Norwich.
Formerly known as St Giles' Hospital, the Great Hospital in Norwich is still a functioning charitable, residential institution and its archives extend from the thirteenth century to the twentieth century. Prior to the Municipal Reform Act of 1835, the Mayor and Corporation acted as trustees for a large number of City charities. The most ancient was the Great Hospital (founded by Walter Suffield, Bishop of Norwich, in 1249), whose records are the largest and most complete of any of the City charities.
While most English hospitals were dissolved at the Reformation in the sixteenth century, the Great Hospital was one of very few which survived. On Henry VIII's death in 1547, it was surrendered to the new Protestant monarch, Edward VI. The Norwich city fathers, however, were sufficiently astute to recognize the important rôle which the Hospital might play in caring for the city's poor (who then posed a serious social problem). Edward VI succumbed to local pressure and returned the ownership of the Hospital and its possessions, land and property to the corporation, which then used it to prioritise and channel charitable work in the community. Thus, through its acquisition by the corporation, the Hospital continued to function and its records became part of the city archives.
By the terms of Edward VI's charter by letters patent in 1547, forty poor people were to be accommodated in the Hospital (then called 'God's House'), looked after by the keeper of the House and a team of four matrons or women keepers, but by the end of the century, the number had risen to 54. In 1633, owing to increased revenues, the numbers of inhabitants had increased to 86 though there were still only four women keepers. Seven years later, there were 95 inhabitants, looked after by five matrons. Of these inhabitants, the original 40 provided for by charter had been augmented by two paid for by legacies in Francis Rugg's will, two more by the will of Alderman Henry Fawcett and the remainder allowed by the mayor and aldermen because of the increase in revenues. Presumably finances were tight when in 1647, numbers were down to 71 and the team of matrons only four women, but by the early Commonwealth period, there were again 95 poor and five matrons. By 1685, a hundred poor folk were accommodated in the Hospital.
The Charity Commissioners finished their enquiry into the Norwich charities in 1833 and a copy of their printed report is to be found at N/TC 63/2. By a Chancery Order dated 18 March 1837, twenty-six Charity Trustees were appointed, with responsibility to manage the charities formerly in trust with the Corporation. The charities were divided into two lists: the Church List Charities (including the Great Hospital, the Free Grammar School, Archbishop Parker's Scholarships, the Preachers' Fund and various other smaller charities) and the General List Charities (including Doughty's Hospital, the Boys' Hospital, the Girls' Hospital, the Barnham Broom Estate and many other smaller charities).
A considerable number of charity records (many of them pre-1835) were deposited in the Record Office many years after the publication of Hudson and Tingey's Revised Catalogue of the Records of the City of Norwich in 1898. They interrelate with the records in the NCR collection and are listed at N/CCH and N/MC.
The medieval records of the Great Hospital were inscribed in the UNESCO UK Memory of the World Register in May 2011. The UK Memory of the World Register (established in 2010) helps to raise awareness of some of the UK’s exceptional, but lesser-known documentary riches by awarding them globally-recognised Memory of the World status.

Histoire archivistique

Source immédiate d'acquisition ou de transfert

Zone du contenu et de la structure

Portée et contenu

The lease books contain copies of leases of Great Hospital properties and also, erroneously, of some City properties. Conversely, copies of leases of some Great Hospital properties have been erroneously entered in the City lease books at NCR 22g. These lease books also serve as registers of other Great Hospital-related documents and events, such as the Corporation's presentation of clergmen to livings of which they are patrons via the Great Hospital's estate, the nomination of curates, feoffment of new trustees, appointment of receivers of rents or bailiffs and miscellaneous agreements concerning the Hospital's estates.

Évaluation, élimination et calendrier de conservation

Accroissements

Mode de classement

Number partly superseded: see NCR 20f.

Zone des conditions d'accès et d'utilisation

Conditions d’accès

Conditions de reproduction

Langue des documents

Écriture des documents

Notes sur la langue et l'écriture

Caractéristiques matérielle et contraintes techniques

Instruments de recherche

The lease books themselves contain indexes to their contents, but there are also indexes to Great Hospital lease books A, B, C, and D, 1530-1825, in volume labelled 'Index to 1st docquet book of Norwich enrolled deeds' in NCR 3e. The indexes are arranged as follows: Norwich parishes, Norwich and Environs (streets, buildings, etc.), Country properties, and personal names. In addition, see index and finding aid volumes for lease books, A-C in NCR 20d/6-8.

Zone des sources complémentaires

Existence et lieu de conservation des originaux

Existence et lieu de conservation des copies

Unités de description associées

See also NCR 24 for further records relating to the Great Hospital.

Descriptions associées

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Identifiant(s) alternatif(s)

Mots-clés

Mots-clés - Sujets

Mots-clés - Lieux

Mots-clés - Noms

Mots-clés - Genre

Zone du contrôle de la description

Identifiant de la description

77095f98-539b-4c24-885c-924a12ce1cd4

Identifiant du service d'archives

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

Statut

Catalogued

Niveau de détail

Dates de production, de révision, de suppression

Created 26/02/2007 by Droip. Modified 06/11/2019 by Catherine.Collins.

Sources

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