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Authority record
Journalist

James W. Clabburn; 1843-1918; journalist, politician, Mayor of Norwich; Norwich, Norfolk

  • GB/153/NM/5327
  • Person
  • 1843-1918

Born in Norwich in 1843. Lived at the Guild House, Thorpe, Norfolk. Son of James Clabburn, a wine and spirit merchant. Educated at Norwich School, he became a solicitor and started at a practice in London Street, Norwich in 1863. This firm later moved to Orford Place in Norwich. Mayor in 1899. Elected Liberal councillor in 1894, representing Mousehold Ward and served for 12 years. Chairman and managing director of the Norwich Mercury.

James Frederick (Fred) Henderson; 1867-1957; socialist, journalist, Mayor of Norwich

  • GB/153/NM/5363
  • Person
  • 1867-1957

Born in Norwich in 1867. Died in 1957 aged 90. A descendant of the Kett family. Wife Lucy, daughter of Christopher Slaughter of Norwich. Younger daughter Edith Hunt was mayoress.
Educated at the Norwich Presbyterian School and at Owens College, Manchester. His early career was as a journalist, mainly in London, and as a poet. In 1885 he was sentenced to four months' imprisonment in Norwich Castle following food riots in Norwich, and was one of the last prisoners in England to be forced to work on the treadmill. His public career began in the 1890s when he was elected to the Board of Guardians. He was elected to Norwich City Council in 1902 (the first Socialist member), became an Alderman in 1923 and was Lord Mayor in 1939-1940. He and his wife were the first married couple to serve together on a local authority.
Chairman of the governors of the Anguish School, and governor of Norwich School. Also served on the Public Library Committee and the Food Control Committee. Chairman of the Norwich Consolidated Charities, Yarmouth Port and Haven Copmmissioner. A journalist by profession, and a Socialist and economist. Visited America on lecture tours, and gave a broadcast from New York on a state-to-state link up, reaching an audience of about 12 million.
Was granted the freedom of the city of Norwich in 1947.
His most influential book was his first, 'The Case for Socialism', based on Sunday evening meetings he held in Norwich and published by the Independent Labour Party in 1911. This was translated into many languages. Published many other books, the most significant being 'The Economic Consequences of Power Production' (1931) and 'Capitalism and the Consumer' (1935).

W.G. Clarke; 1877-1925; journalist, author; Norwich, Norfolk

  • GB/153/NM/6949
  • Person
  • 1877-1925

W.G. Clarke was born on 7 January 1877. He joined the staff of the Norwich Mercury in 1895, later becoming a sub-editor. After the First World War he joined the staff of the Eastern Daily Press on which he remained until his death on 14th June 1925. He was a member of many local societies and published a large number of articles on the natural history and archaeology of Norfolk, especially relating to Thetford and the Breckland area. 'In Breckland Wilds' was published after his death.

Henry William Massingham; 1860-1924; journalist; Old Catton, Norfolk

  • GB/153/NM/7111
  • Person
  • 1860-1924

Educated at Sun Lane School and Norwich Grammar School. After leaving school he worked for the 'Eastern Daily Press' and the 'Norfolk News'. He worked for T.P. O'Connor's 'Star' from 1888 and was briefly its editor in 1890-1891. He resigned in 1891 and joined the staff of the 'Daily Chronicle' in the same year, becoming its editor in March 1895. He resigned in 1899 after disagreeing with the proprietors on Government policy in South Africa and then worked for the 'Manchester Guardian', 'Daily News' and the weekly 'Speaker'. The 'Speaker' became the 'Nation' in 1907 and Massingham became its editor: he held this position until his resignation in 1923. Massingham's career is described in 'Radical Journalist, H.W. Massingham 1860-1924' by A.F. Havighurst (Cambridge University Press, 1974). Born 25 May 1860 in Old Catton. Died on 27 August 1924.

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