Sub-fonds - 446th Bomb Group (Bungay)

Identity area

Reference code

Title

446th Bomb Group (Bungay)

Date(s)

  • 1943-1996 (Creation)

Level of description

Sub-fonds

Extent and medium

4 boxes; 3 photographic boxes; 3 audio recordings

Context area

Name of creator

(1943-1945)

Administrative history

Part of the United States Army Air Force 2nd Air Division, 8th Air Force.
Constituted as the 446th Bombardment Group (Heavy) 20 March 1943. Activated 1 April 1943 at Davis Montham Field, Tucson, Arizona. On its formation many personnel were drawn from the 39th Bomb Group at Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona. Moved to England between October and November 1943. Flew its final mission on 25 April 1943 and returned to the United States June-July 1945. Deactivated 18 August 1945 at Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
Subsequently redesignated as the 446th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and allocated to the reserve. Activated 16 March 1948. Redesignated as the 446th Bombardment Group (Heavy) June 1949 and activated on 1 May 1951. Deactivated on 25 June 1951. Redesignated 446th Troop Carrier Group (Medium) and allocated to the reserve. Activated 25 May 1955.
Based at Bungay, Suffolk (also known as Flixton).
Outline:
Constituted as the 446th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 20 March 1943 and activated on 1 April 1943 at Davis-Monthan Field, Tucson, Arizona (hereafter the 446th Bomb Group). The Group moved to England between October and November 1943. It was based at Bungay, Suffolk (also referred to as Flixton airbase) and was nicknamed the 'Bungay Buckaroos'. Its first mission was flown on 16 December 1943 to Bremen, Germany, and by the Spring of 1945, the Group had flown a total of 273 missions. The Group flew its last combat mission on 25 April 1943, attacking a bridge near Salzburg, Austria. It returned to the United States between June and July 1945 and, on 18 August 1945, the Group was officially deactivated at Sioux Falls, South Dakota. After the Second World War, the Group was redesignated as the 446th Bomb Group (Very Heavy), allocated to the reserve and activated on 16 March 1948. In June 1949, it was redesignated as the 446th Bomb Group (Heavy)', activated on 1 May 1951, and deactivated on 25 June 1951. The Group was further redesignated as the 446th Troop Carrier Group (Medium), allocated to the reserve and activated on 25 May 1955.
Key missions:
On 6 June 1944, the 446th Bomb Group led the Eighth Air Force (hereafter 8th Air Force) on its first D-Day mission to hit the Normandy beach defences and it operated mainly against strategic objectives on the Continent from December 1943 until April 1945. Targets in Germany included U-boat installations at Kiel, the port at Bremen, a chemical plant at Ludwigshafen, ball-bearing works at Berlin, aero-engine plants at Rostock, aircraft factories at Munich, marshalling yards at Coblenz, motor works at Ulm, and oil refineries at Hamburg. Besides strategic missions, the Group also carried out support and diversion operations. It supported the Normandy invasion, in June 1944, by attacking strong points, bridges, airfields, transportation, and other targets in France. In July 1944, the Group aided ground forces at Caen and St Lo, France by hitting bridges, gun batteries, and enemy troops. It dropped supplies to Allied troops near Nijmegen during the airborne attack on Holland (Netherlands) in September and bombed marshalling yards, bridges, and road junctions during the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944-January 1945. The Group also dropped supplies to ground troops near Wesel, Germany, during the Allied assault across the Rhine in March 1945.
Bomb Squadrons:
704th Bomb Squadron: 1 April 1943-28 August 1945.
705th Bomb Squadron: 1 April 1943-28 August 1945.
706th Bomb Squadron: 1 April 1943-28 August 1945.
707th Bomb Squadron: 1 April 1943-28 August 1945.
Attached Units:
For a full list of attached units, see John Hane, 'Second Air Division Memorial: In memory of all those Americans who, flying from these bases and posts, gave their lives defending freedom, 1941-45' (Author, 1963). A reference copy is available in the Norfolk Record Office searchroom.
Stations:
Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona, 1 April 1943.
Lowry Field, Colorado, c 8 June-October 1943.
Bungay (Flixton), England (Army Air Force Station no. 125), c 4 November 1943-July 1945
Sioux Falls Army Air Field, South Dakota, July 1945-18 August 1945.
Group commanders:
Lt Col Arthur Y. Snell, 25 April 1943.
Col Jacob Brogger, 28 September 1943.
Col Troy W. Crawford, 23 September 1944.
Lt Col William A. Schmidt, 4 April 1945-unknown.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

This section contains records relating to the personnel and activities of the 446th Bomb Group, its associated Bomb Squadrons and ground crew of the airbase at Bungay. It contains both original records and copies including official orders, crew lists, mission lists, mission diaries, memoirs, published articles, maps and news cuttings. Also contains correspondence, photographs and memorabilia.

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Conditions governing reproduction

The Norfolk Record Office requires the permission of the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust Librarian before we can supply copies of any documents in this archive, copyright permitting. Please contact the 2nd Air Division Memorial Trust Librarian: e-mail 2admemorial.lib@norfolk.gov.uk; telephone, +44 (0) 01603 774747 and postal address, The 2nd Air Division (USAAF) Memorial Library, The Forum, Millennium Plain, Norwich, Norfolk, NR2 1AW, England.
If you are interested in copies of sound recordings in this archive, copying restrictions may apply. Please contact Norfolk Sound Archive staff for details: e-mail norfrec@norfolk.gov.uk; telephone, + 44 (0) 01603 222599 and postal address, Norfolk Record Office, The Archive Centre, Martineau Lane, Norwich, NR1 2DQ.

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Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

For movement orders relating to the 446th Bomb Group, see MC 371/392, MC 376/258 and MC 371/353
For photographs of bomb group patches, see MC 371/826.
For bomb group patches, see MC 371/840.
The 2nd Air Division Memorial Library holdings include:
1) Microfilm from Maxwell Airforce Base: for the 446th Bomb Group, see BO558; for the 704th, 705th, 706th and 707th Bomb Squadrons of the 446th Bomb Group, see AO654.
2) Vidoe tapes relating to the 446th Bomb Group are located in the video collection.
3) Periodicals: 'Beachbell Echo', (1 December 1985-).

Related descriptions

Publication note

Select Bibliography:
Published Unit Histories: 'The Story of the 446th Bomb Group', ed. Edward H. Castens (San Angelo, Texas, Newsfoto, 1946); 'The 446th Revisited', ed. Edward H. Castens (446th Bomb Group Association, undated) and Harold E. Jansen, 'The History of the 446th Bomb Group (H)', (446th Bomb Group Association., 1989).
Unless otherwise stated, the Norfolk Record Office holds reference copies of these publications and there are also copies in the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library's collection, available through the Norfolk Library Service.
Websites giving further information about the 446th Bomb Group and on which this administrative history of the Group is based [accessed 4 August 2010]:
446th Bomb Group Association: <www.446bg.com>.
446th Bombardment Group Museum: <www.aviationmuseum.net/446bg.htm>.
Eighth Air Force Historical Society: <www.8thafhs.org/bomber/446bg.htm>.
8th Air Force in World War II presented by the Military History Group and Antique Militaria Network: <www.usaaf.com/8thaf/bomber/446bg.htm>.
The Heritage League of the 2nd Air Division <http://heritageleague.org/groups/446bg.htm>.
Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum: <www.aviationmuseum.net/>.
Second Air Division Memorial Library: <www.2ndair.org.uk/Second_Air_Division/>.

Notes area

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Description control area

Description identifier

9fb2d323-e68a-4400-9e94-fe79d3fa7643

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Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Catalogued

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Dates of creation revision deletion

Created 26/07/2005 by Droip. Modified 03/01/2019 by Catherine.Collins.

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