Sub-fonds Y/D 50 - Grout and Company

Reference code

Y/D 50


Grout and Company


  • 1741-1949 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

381 pieces

Name of creator

(? 1814-?)

Administrative history

This silk manufacturing company was begun at Norwich in the opening years of the 19th century by the brothers George and Joseph Grout, the inventors of 'Norwich crape'. About 1814 the Yarmouth factory was established. 1,100 hands were employed there in 1838 and about 1,000 in 1907. At various times during the 19th century the Company possessed, besides the Norwich and Yarmouth factories and a London warehouse, plant at North Walsham and Ditchingham in Norfolk, Bungay and Mildenhall in Suffolk, Saffron Walden, Bocking and Sible Hedingham in Essex, Ponders End, Enfield, Middlesex, and at Manchester, Glasgow and Paisley. In 1819-1820 a reeling establishment was set up at Bhartiparra near Calcutta. Following a financial crisis in 1890 the Company was concentrated at Yarmouth and the other factories were closed. At the same time a Limited Company was formed. In 1923-1924 a Subsidiary was established at St Catharine's, Ontario, and duplicates of its minutes and other records are preserved with those of the parent company (see Y/D 50/248-377). From the 1920s onwards the company concentrated on the manufacture of crepe bandages.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Received by the Norfolk Record Office on 8 May 1967.

Scope and content

Records of a Silk Manufacturing company.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Publication note

The history of the Company is summarised in F. Warner, 'Silk Industry of the United Kingdom' (1921), pp. 285-290, and in the journal 'British Warehouseman' (Winter 1907, see Y/D 50/231).

Alternative identifier(s)

Subject access points

Name access points

Genre access points




Accession area