Fonds BR 237 - Grout and Co, Silk Textile Manufacturers, Great Yarmouth

Reference code

BR 237

Title

Grout and Co, Silk Textile Manufacturers, Great Yarmouth

Date(s)

  • 1894-1974 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

89 files

Name of creator

(? 1814-?)

Administrative history

This silk manufacturing company was begun at Norwich in the opening years of the 19th century by the brothers George and Joseph Grout, the inventors of 'Norwich crape'. About 1814 the Yarmouth factory was established. 1,100 hands were employed there in 1838 and about 1,000 in 1907. At various times during the 19th century the Company possessed, besides the Norwich and Yarmouth factories and a London warehouse, plant at North Walsham and Ditchingham in Norfolk, Bungay and Mildenhall in Suffolk, Saffron Walden, Bocking and Sible Hedingham in Essex, Ponders End, Enfield, Middlesex, and at Manchester, Glasgow and Paisley. In 1819-1820 a reeling establishment was set up at Bhartiparra near Calcutta. Following a financial crisis in 1890 the Company was concentrated at Yarmouth and the other factories were closed. At the same time a Limited Company was formed. In 1923-1924 a Subsidiary was established at St Catharine's, Ontario, and duplicates of its minutes and other records are preserved with those of the parent company (see Y/D 50/248-377). From the 1920s onwards the company concentrated on the manufacture of crepe bandages.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Received by the Norfolk Record Office on 14 July 1993 (MS 33356 numbered BR 237/1-34), 24 July 1996 (numbered BR 237/35-88), and 22 August 1996 (numbered BR 237/89).

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Related units of description

For previous deposits, see Y/D 50, Y/D 86 and Y/D 92.

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Status

Catalogued

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